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Philip B. Duffy, Ph.D.President and Executive Director
Expertise Domestic climate policy, international climate change negotiations, climate change adaptation, extreme weather risk, climate modeling
Dr. Duffy is a physicist who has devoted his career to the use of science in addressing climate change. Prior to joining WHRC, Dr. Duffy served in the White House National Science and Technology Council as the Senior Advisor to the US Global Change Research Program, and as a Senior Policy Analyst in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. In these roles he was involved in international climate negotiations, domestic and international climate policy, and coordination of US global change research. Before joining the White House, Dr. Duffy was Chief Scientist for Climate Central, an organization dedicated to increasing public understanding and awareness of climate change. Dr. Duffy has held senior research positions with the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and visiting positions at the Carnegie Institution for Science and the Woods Institute for the Environment at Stanford University. He has a bachelor’s degree from Harvard and a Ph.D. in applied physics from Stanford.
Phone 508-444-1504 | Email
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Robert Max Holmes, Ph.D.Deputy Director, Senior Scientist
Expertise Arctic, water chemistry, rivers, permafrost, climate change
Dr. Holmes is an earth system scientist who studies rivers and their watersheds and how climate change and other disturbances are impacting the cycles of water and chemicals in the environment. He is particularly interested in the fate of the vast quantities of ancient carbon locked in permafrost in the Arctic, which may be released as permafrost thaws, exacerbating global warming. Dr. Holmes has ongoing projects in the Russian, Canadian, and Alaskan Arctic, and in the tropics in the Amazon and the Congo. He is committed to engaging students in his research projects and to communicating the results and implications of his research to the public and to policy-makers. Dr. Holmes recently served for two years as Program Director of the National Science Foundation’s Arctic System Science Program and in 2015 was named National Fellow of the Explorers Club.
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Alessandro Baccini, Ph.D.Associate Scientist
Expertise Pantropics, remote sensing, land use planning, indigenous forest communities
Dr. Baccini is a remote sensing scientist whose interests focus on the use of satellite data for the monitoring of forest carbon, land cover, land cover change and the effects of environmental change on the terrestrial carbon cycle at the regional and global scale. Before joining the Center he was a research associate at Boston University and worked at the Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations for the Forest Resources Assessment 1990 and 2000 monitoring tropical deforestation. He received his doctorate in Geography and Environment from Boston University.
Publications Research Gate
Phone 508-444-1547 | Email
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Richard A. Birdsey, Ph.D.Senior Scientist
Expertise North American forests, forest management, inventory and monitoring, carbon cycle, climate change mitigation
Dr. Birdsey is a specialist in quantitative methods for large-scale forest inventories and has pioneered development of methods to estimate national carbon budgets for forest lands from forest inventory data. He recently retired from the U.S. Forest Service as a “Distinguished Scientist” and was the Program Manager for global change research in the Northern Research Station. He was a lead author of 2 Special Reports for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change which was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007. He was a lead author of the first North American “State of the Carbon Cycle” report and is currently a member of the science team guiding the second report. He has contributed to several assessments of climate change in the U.S. He served three years as Chair of the U.S. Government Carbon Cycle Science Steering Group. He has published extensively on forest management and strategies to increase carbon sequestration, and facilitated the development of decision-support tools for policy and management. He was recognized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture as a major contributor to creating a new agricultural commodity – carbon. Dr. Birdsey is a member of a team of scientists developing and implementing the North American Carbon Program, an international effort to improve quantification and understand causes of carbon exchange between land, atmosphere, and oceans. In recent years he has been actively working with Mexico and Canada to improve monitoring, verification, and reporting to support climate change mitigation with an emphasis on Reducing Deforestation and Forest Degradation and promoting sustainable forest management (REDD+) and improving forest management in the three countries. He is currently working with the Forest Service National Forest System to implement carbon assessments for all of the U.S. National Forests.
Publications Research Gate
Phone 508-444-1576 | Email
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Paulo Brando, Ph.D.Assistant Scientist
Expertise Amazon, tropical forest degradation, land use change, remote sensing
Dr. Brando is a tropical ecologist whose research explores the vulnerability of terrestrial natural ecosystems to repeated disturbances and prolonged degradation. He aims to inform the general public and policy makers about the potential negative influences of climate and land use change on tropical ecosystems. His research combines field manipulation experiments, statistical and dynamic vegetation models, and remote sensing. Dr. Brando contributed to the 5th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and he organized a special issue in the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. He is currently an Associate Editor of the Journal of Applied Ecology. Before joining WHRC, he worked as a Post Doctoral Fellow at the Carnegie Institution for Science at Stanford University. Dr. Brando has worked with the Amazon Environmental Research Institute (IPAM) and collaborated with the Woods Hole Research Center since 2003. In 2011, Dr. Brando joined the Brazilian State University of Mato Grosso as a Visiting Professor. He received his bachelor’s degree in Forest Engineering from the University of São Paulo and his Ph.D. in Interdisciplinary Ecology from the University of Florida.
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I. Foster Brown, Ph.D.Senior Scientist
Expertise Amazon, education, societal response to climate change
Dr. Brown is an environmental geochemist whose research interests focus on global environmental change and sustainable development in the southwestern Amazon Basin. He coordinates the Center’s program dealing with climate change and land use in the tri-national southwestern Amazonia. Dr. Brown spent over twenty years as a faculty member of the Graduate Program in Environmental Geochemistry at the Federal Fluminense University in Niteroi, Brazil, and is currently on the faculty of the Federal University of Acre, Brazil. He earned his doctorate in environmental geochemistry at Northwestern University.
Publications Research Gate
Phone 508-540-9900 | Email
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Glenn K. Bush, Ph.D.Assistant Scientist
Expertise Africa, environmental and natural resource economics, forest and biodiversity conservation, sustainability
Dr. Bush is an environmental economist who specializes in welfare economics, resource valuation, and environmental cost-benefit analysis. His work has focused on quantitative valuation of forest conservation strategies for forest-adjacent households, as well as the microeconomic and social determinants of forest conservation. He is currently concerned with developing and testing combined econometric and spatial models on the drivers and determinants of land cover change. Dr. Bush has previously worked in Africa and in Central and Southeast Asia as a researcher, project manager, and consultant on natural resource management and conservation projects in the public and private sector. He has held positions with the UK Government Department for International Development, the Wildlife Conservation Society, and the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International. He obtained his M.Sc. in Agricultural Economics from the University of London, Wye College, and his Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Stirling, UK.
Publications Research Gate
Phone 508-444-1570 | Email
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Michael T. Coe, Ph.D.Senior Scientist, Amazon Group Coordinator
Expertise Brazil, sustainable agriculture, water resources, climate change
Dr. Coe is an earth system scientist who specializes in understanding how human land cover change and land management decisions affect the energy and water cycles, and ultimately feedback to regional climate. He is currently participating in projects based in the Brazilian Amazon and savanna environments. He leads field research programs to collect data on how expanding agriculture changes evaporation, soil moisture, river discharge, and biochemical cycles. He and his colleagues combine field data with satellite observations and earth system computer models to better understand the scale of historical and potential future human impacts on tropical climate and ecosystems and help develop mitigation strategies. Dr. Coe previously spent seven years as a scientist at the Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment, University of Wisconsin-Madison and has been a visiting scientist at Lund University, Sweden, and the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Jena, Germany. He received his Ph.D. in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In 2014, Dr. Coe was in residence as a Fulbright Scholar at the Federal University of Goiás, Brazil, continuing his work with colleagues there to understand how massive deforestation in the savanna regions of Brazil may affect the climate in the coming decades.
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G. Ken Creighton, Ph.D.Principal Forest & Climate Advisor
Expertise Tropical ecology, biogeography and conservation biology, climate change policy and practice related to conservation and management of forests and natural landscapes.
Prior to coming to WHRC, Dr. Creighton served as senior climate specialist for USAID’s Central Africa Regional Program for the Environment (2011-2014). He has been closely involved in the negotiations within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), leading WWF International’s team on forest and climate policy and coordinating the World Bank-WWF program for forest conservation and sustainable use (2004-2011). He has led the design and managed a number of projects for tropical biodiversity conservation financed by the Global Environment Facility and implemented through the World Bank, the United Nations Development Programme and the UN Food and Agricultural Organization. Dr. Creighton has served on the Biological Sciences section committee of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the International Advisory Committee for the Smithsonian Biodiversity Program. He holds a B.Sc. in Wildlife Biology from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and MS and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Michigan in ecology and evolutionary biology.
Phone 508-444-1555 | Email
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Richard A. Houghton, Ph.D.Senior Scientist, George M. Woodwell Chair for Global Ecology
Expertise Climate change, global carbon cycle, biofuels, Forest Science
Dr. Houghton is an ecologist who studies the role that terrestrial ecosystems play in climate change and the global carbon cycle. He coordinates WHRC efforts to understand the problems of global warming and climate change, especially the role biotic systems play in this accelerating process. Dr. Houghton has held positions as Assistant Scientist at the Ecosystems Center of the Marine Biological Laboratory and as Research Associate at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Dr. Houghton served as Acting Director of WHRC from December of 2008 through June of 2011 and as Acting President during 2013 and 2014. He has held the George M. Woodwell Chair for Global Ecology since 2011. Dr. Houghton contributed to the reports of the IPCC which was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007. In 2012, he was elected a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union. In 2014, on behalf of WHRC, he received the International Center for Climate Governance (ICCG) award for the world’s top-ranked climate change think tank. Dr. Houghton earned his doctorate in ecology from the State University of New York at Stony Brook. In 1995 he received an Honorary Doctorate from the Faculty of Forest Science, University of Munich.
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Marcia N. Macedo, Ph.D.Assistant Scientist
Expertise Amazon, ecology, climate change
Dr. Macedo is a landscape ecologist interested in understanding the causes of human-induced land change and its consequences for aquatic ecosystems. She combines remote sensing, field observations, and statistical models to examine how land use and land management influence the connectivity and ecological function of tropical streams at multiple scales. Her current research focuses on the land use dynamics and ecological tradeoffs associated with agricultural expansion and intensification in the Amazon. Dr. Macedo earned her M.Sc. in Sustainable Development & Conservation Biology from the University of Maryland and her Ph.D. in Ecology, Evolution, & Environmental Biology from Columbia University.
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Susan M. Natali, Ph.D.Associate Scientist
Expertise Arctic, permafrost, plant and soil sciences, education
Dr. Natali’s research examines the response of terrestrial ecosystems to a changing environment, with an emphasis on feedbacks to carbon cycling from northern high latitude systems. While a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Florida, she worked on permafrost ecosystems, establishing a large-scale warming experiment in interior Alaska. That project tests hypotheses about feedbacks to the global carbon cycle as a result of warming air and soil temperatures and thawing permafrost. More recently, she established a tundra drying experiment to examine interactive effects of permafrost thaw and changes in soil moisture on ecosystem carbon exchange. Dr. Natali was a National Science Foundation Polar Programs Postdoctoral Research Fellow. She holds a B.S. from Villanova University and a Ph.D. from Stony Brook University.
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Christopher Neill, Ph.D.Senior Scientist
Expertise Tropical ecology, watershed biogeochemistry, plant ecology, ecosystem restoration
Dr. Neill is an ecosystem ecologist who studies how changes to land use alter the structure and functioning of ecosystems. In the Amazon, he investigates how deforestation changes the way water and materials move from land to water and within the channels and streams and rivers and how the intensification of soybean and corn cropping alters runoff to streams and greenhouse gas emissions. Dr. Neill uses gauged catchments, natural abundance of stable isotopes and long-term vegetation plots to understand tropical ecosystem responses. In Massachusetts, where increases in residential development threaten estuaries and terrestrial ecosystems that contain high and unique biological diversity, Dr. Neill works with local conservation organizations to design improved methods of ecosystem conservation and restoration. Dr. Neill previously spent four years as Director of the Ecosystems Center at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole, MA, where was a scientist from 1996 to 2016, and where he retains an appointment as Fellow. He also directed the Brown-MBL Partnership for six years. Dr. Neill was a Fulbright Scholar at the University of São Paulo in Piracicaba, Brazil, in 2007 and a Bullard Fellow at Harvard University in 2010. He holds a B.S. from Cornell University and an M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
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Rafe PomeranceSenior Arctic Policy Fellow
Rafe Pomerance is Chairman of Arctic 21, a network of organizations focused on communicating issues of Arctic climate change to policy makers and the general public. Arctic 21, which operates under the auspices of WHRC, seeks to establish a framework for Arctic policy based on the question, “what is the Arctic we have to have?” Rafe is a member of the Polar Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences and an independent climate strategies consultant. Rafe has spent much of his career on global warming including his work with Friends of the Earth where he served as President from 1980 to 1984, the World Resources Institute as a senior associate for climate change and ozone depletion policy and as a Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Environment and Development (1993-99) and climate negotiator and as President of the Climate Policy Center (CPC). Rafe was a founder and Chairman of the Board of American Rivers, Chairman of the Board of the League of Conservation Voters and of the Potomac Conservancy.
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Brendan M. Rogers, Ph.D.Assistant Scientist
Expertise Wildfires, boreal forests, climate feedbacks, productivity
Dr. Rogers is interested in how high latitude terrestrial ecosystems are impacted by climate change in terms of their functioning, species compositions, and fluxes of energy, carbon, and water, and how these responses will feedback to the climate system. Much of this work has focused on disturbance regimes, particularly fire, as these are mechanisms by which ecosystems change abruptly. Dr. Rogers uses a combination of fieldwork, remote sensing, land surface models, and climate models to investigate these biogeochemical and biophysical interactions. Dr. Rogers holds a Ph.D. from the University of California, Irvine.
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Jonathan Sanderman, Ph.D.Associate Scientist
Expertise Carbon sink capacity, soil carbon and nutrient cycles, land-use and climate change
Dr. Sanderman is a biogeochemist who specializes in understanding how soil carbon and nutrient cycles have been altered by land-use and climate change. He is particularly interested in understanding the carbon sink capacity of soils and coastal sediments and whether or not these sinks can be managed to mitigate climate change. Prior to joining the Center, Dr. Sanderman spent six years as a research scientist at the Australian Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization focusing on soil carbon sequestration in agricultural soils. Dr. Sanderman holds a B.S. from Brown University and a Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley.
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Christopher R. Schwalm, Ph.D.Associate Scientist
Expertise global environmental change, carbon cycle sensitivity, modeling frameworks
Dr. Schwalm is interested in the interactions between the terrestrial biosphere, climate, land cover, ecosystem state, and land management practices. He recently completed a study on the 2000-2004 drought in western North America, an analysis that merged land surface and climate model simulations, remote sensing, field based data, surface weather station data, stream gauge data and inventory data. Prior to joining the Center, he was a research professor at the School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Sustainability at Northern Arizona University. Dr. Schwalm holds a B.A. from Cleveland State University, a Master’s from the University of Montana, and a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota.
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Wayne S. Walker, Ph.D.Associate Scientist
Expertise Forest measurement/monitoring, remote sensing, Amazon indigenous peoples, capacity building/training, REDD+
Dr. Walker is an ecologist and remote sensing specialist interested in applications of satellite imagery to the assessment and monitoring of temperate and tropical ecosystems at regional to global scales. His research focuses on measuring and mapping forest structural attributes, land cover/land use change and terrestrial carbon stocks in support of habitat management, ecosystem conservation and carbon-cycle science. He is committed to building institutional capacity in the tools and techniques used to measure and monitor forests, working in collaboration with governments, NGOs and indigenous communities across the tropics. Walker holds degrees in forest ecology (M.S.) and remote sensing (Ph.D.) from the University of Michigan.
Phone 508-444-1541 | Email
Andréa D. de Almeida Castanho, Ph.D.Research Associate
Expertise biosphere-atmosphere system, numerical modeling, remote sensing applications
Dr. Castanho is an environmental physicist interested in understanding the human impacts on the coupled biosphere-atmosphere system in tropical forests. Her research is focused on the calibration, validation and application of numerical models to better characterize interactions between deforestation and climate in the Amazon Basin. Dr. Castanho has been a Visiting Scholar at WHRC and has previously held postdoctoral fellowships at the Federal University of Ceará (Brazil), WHRC, and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where she developed and applied remote sensing techniques to measure atmospheric aerosol pollution over megacities such as Mexico City and São Paulo. She holds Master’s and Ph.D. degrees in Atmospheric Science from the University of São Paulo.
Phone 508-444-1572 | Email email@example.com
Tina A. Cormier, M.S.Research Associate
Expertise Earth observation, mapping, training
Ms. Cormier uses remote sensing and GIS to model species’ responses to changes in environmental conditions, such as climate change. She also develops materials for and conducts capacity building workshops in developing countries across the tropics and uses the materials to teach participants how to combine field measurements with remotely sensed data in order to monitor carbon in their forests. Before joining the Center, she worked on spatial-statistical modeling of vernal pool locations in Massachusetts, as well as regional evapotranspiration estimation and land cover classification in central Nevada. Ms. Cormier received her H.B.A. in Environmental Science from Saint Anselm College and her M.S. in Natural Resources from the University of New Hampshire.
Phone 508-444-1523 | Email
Mary Farina, M.A.Research Assistant
Expertise Forest ecology, remote sensing, GIS, geography
Ms. Farina contributes to biomass mapping projects using remote sensing and GIS. Prior to joining WHRC, she was a research assistant at Boston University and worked on projects related to forest ecology and global land-cover validation. Ms. Farina earned both a B.A. in Biology and Environmental Analysis and a M.A. in Geography from Boston University.
Phone 508-444-1556 | Email
Gregory J. Fiske, M.S.Senior Geospatial Analyst
Expertise Cartography, spatial data and analysis, and geospatial code development
Mr. Fiske is a geographer interested in the use of Cartography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to facilitate and communicate science. He manages the many technical aspects of the Woods Hole Research Center’s GIS activities. As a Research Associate, he applies his skills to various research projects, both within and outside the Center, that involve GIS and Remote Sensing techniques. Prior to joining the Center, Mr. Fiske worked at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California.
Melaine Kermarc, M.Sc.Equateur (DRC) Project Manager
Expertise REDD, DRC, capacity building, payment for ecosystem services
Phone 00 33(0) 6 22 40 11 55 | Email
Wendy Kingerlee, B.S.Brazil Program Administrator, Sponsored Research Program
Ms. Kingerlee is the project coordinator of the Brazil Program. She provides administration, budget management, and logistical support to the team and its Brazilian counterpart, Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazônia (IPAM). She also manages the Center’s government sponsored research office. She previously worked as a research assistant in the soil carbon program. Ms. Kingerlee was also employed by the Agriculture Department in the County of Santa Cruz, California. She received her B.S. in Plant and Soil Science from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
Phone 508-444-1526 | Email
Paul A. Lefebvre, M.A.Research Associate
Expertise Amazon, GIS
Paul Lefebvre is a specialist in Geographic Information Systems and field instrumentation, who has worked in the Center’s Amazon program since 1995. From 1995 to 1998 he lived in Brazil while helping to establish IPAM’s Remote Sensing and GIS laboratory. He is now responsible for setting up and maintaining many of the monitoring instruments used at our field stations in Brazil, and for training field personnel. He holds a Master of Arts degree in Geography from the University of California, Santa Barbara.
Phone 508-444-1519 | Email
Sarah Ludda Ludwig, M.A.Research Assistant
Expertise Boreal and arctic ecosystems, statistics and modeling
Ms. Ludwig is a biogeochemist interested in carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycling in arctic and boreal ecosystems. She works in Russian and Alaskan boreal and arctic ecosystems, approaching science from the quantitative side. She enjoys statistics and modeling, and her areas of focus include the vulnerability of permafrost carbon to disturbance and climate change, the effects of fire on carbon and nutrient cycling, coupled biogeochemistry and hydrology at terrestrial-aquatic transitions, and microbial ecology. She received her BA from Saint Olaf College and her Master’s in Biological Sciences from the University of Alaska, Fairbanks.
Alexander Nassikas, B.A.Research Assistant
Expertise Carbon emissions, land use, land cover change, global tropics
Mr. Nassikas contributes data collection and analysis to a project that aims to locate and quantify both historical and present-day carbon emissions from the global tropics resulting from land use and land cover change. During his time at Wesleyan University, he was captain of the men’s varsity squash team for three years and served as chair of the Green Fund.
Phone 508-444-1520 | Email
Alicia Peduzzi, Ph.D.Research Associate
Expertise remote sensing application, natural resource management issues, in-country capacity building
Dr. Peduzzi’s research has centered on the application of remote sensing to evaluate and monitor vegetation to solve natural resource management issues with respect to climate change. Prior to joining the WHRC staff, she worked in forestry and related sciences for 15 years, most recently with the USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station in Newtown Square, PA. A specialist in in-country capacity building, for several years Dr. Peduzzi was a collaborator on WHRC’s NASA Carbon Monitoring System and Mexico REDD+ projects. She holds a B.S. from Universidad de Los Andes in Merida, Venezuela, a Master’s from North Carolina State University, and a Ph.D. from Virginia Tech, all in Forestry.
Phone 508-444-1562 | Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Johanne Pelletier, Ph.D.Postdoctoral Fellow
Expertise Emissions from land-use change, forest ecology, REDD+, MRV, Latin America, Africa
Dr. Pelletier is an ecologist with interests in carbon fluxes from land-cover change and forest conservation. Before joining the Center, she worked in Panama, where she studied emissions from land-use/land-cover change in the REDD+ context. She has studied various aspects of MRV systems for REDD+ including national reference emission levels, avoided deforestation scenarios, uncertainty, and data availability. At the local level, she has looked at the dynamics of forest intervention using remote sensing and forest carbon inventories. She has also worked on forest conservation with local communities in Panama’s protected area. Dr. Pelletier earned her Ph.D. from McGill University and the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
Publications Research Gate
Phone 508-444-1537 | Email
Vous pouvez communiquer avec moi en français /
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Amanda E. W. Poston, B.A.Africa and Pantropical Project Administrator
Expertise: International grants management
Ms. Poston manages budgets and provides administrative and logistic support for the Center’s Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) project in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equateur Province. Before joining the Center, she was a grants manager for the University of the Virgin Islands’ Division of Science and Mathematics undergraduate programs. She has lived in France and in Madagascar, where she worked at the Malagasy Institute for the Conservation of Tropical Environments. Ms. Poston earned her B.A. in International Relations from Boston University.
Phone 508-444-1533 | Email
Kathleen Savage, M.Sc.Research Associate
Expertise Ecology, education, plant sciences
Ms. Savage is currently working in the Center’s carbon cycling program. She obtained a B.Sc. degree and an M.Sc. degree in Geography at York University and McGill University, respectively. Her thesis work examined the exchange of carbon dioxide and methane in boreal forest soils. Following her graduate studies, she has worked in northern Manitoba examining net ecosystem exchange in boreal wetlands.
Phone 508-444-1542 | Email
Kylen Solvik, B.A.Research Assistant
Mr. Solvik studies the effects of climate change on boreal forests with a focus on climate feedbacks from forest fires. He is also assisting in transitioning some of the Center’s projects from its local computer cluster to cloud computing. He holds a B.A. in Chemistry from Haverford College.
Phone 508-444-1567 | Email
Hillary L. Sullivan, M.S.Research Assistant
Expertise Salt marsh biogeochemistry
Ms. Sullivan is a biogeochemist, studying how human-induced activities and land-use affect the structure and function of important ecosystems. She works on the TIDE project, a long-term ecosystem-wide nutrient enrichment experiment in the salt marshes of Plum Island, Massachusetts. The study aims to assess how fertilizer and resulting nitrogen loads are affecting salt marsh nutrient retention and cycling, and consequently, marsh structure. Additionally, her work in the Amazon focuses on how agricultural intensification is contributing to nutrient runoff from land through streams and other waterways. Prior to joining the Center, Ms. Sullivan worked at the Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory and the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium. She received both her B.A. in Environmental Science: Conservation and Biology and her M.S. in Biology from Clark University.
Phone 508-444-1527 | Email email@example.com
George M. Woodwell, Ph.D.WHRC Founder
The Woods Hole Research Center was founded in 1985 as an institute for research on the Great Issues of Environment by renowned ecologist George M. Woodwell, whose broad interests and achievements in environmental issues and policies have had a major worldwide impact.
For its first 18 years, the Center’s headquarters were in the village of Woods Hole. In 1999, several acres of land and an old inn on the Woods Hole Road were acquired and formed the basis of the WHRC Gilman Ordway Campus. Dr. Woodwell led the campaign to build a building that would not burn fossil fuels but would instead be a model of green architecture and sustainable energy systems. The new building was dedicated in 2003. Dr. Woodwell later wrote a book about its concept and construction, The Nature of a House: Building a World That Works (Island Press, 2009), with a foreword by the architect, William A. McDonough. In 2008, the WHRC staff, the Board of Directors, and the community honored Dr. Woodwell with a special symposium by other world-class scientists, and at that time named the building after him. Today the Ordway Campus comprises the George M. Woodwell Building and the 100-year-old Carriage House, a building that underwent a deep-energy retrofit and was opened in 2010.
Prior to founding the Woods Hole Research Center, Dr. Woodwell was founder and director of the Ecosystems Center of the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole and a senior scientist at Brookhaven National Laboratories. He was also a founding trustee and continues to serve on the board of the Natural Resources Defense Council. He is a former chairman of the board of trustees and currently a member of the National Council of the World Wildlife Fund, a founding trustee of the World Resources Institute, a founder and currently an honorary member of the board of trustees of the Environmental Defense Fund, and former president of the Ecological Society of America. Dr. Woodwell is the author of more than 300 major papers and books in ecology. He holds a doctorate in botany from Duke University and is the recipient of several honorary degrees as well as the 1996 Heinz Environmental Award and the Volvo Environment Prize of 2001. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Andrea Cattaneo, Ph.D.Distinguished Visiting Scientist
Expertise Economic modeling, land use change, environmental program design, economics of climate change & food security
Andrea Cattaneo is an economist with over 20 years of experience in examining economic issues at the interface between agriculture and forests. He is currently a Senior Economist with the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in Rome. In recent years his focus has been the link between food security and climate change. Dr. Cattaneo has published extensively on the design of environmental programs, addressing the drivers of tropical deforestation, the performance of environmental auctions, and the role of monitoring on environmental program performance. He previously held positions at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the Economic Research Service (ERS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and Woods Hole Research Center. He obtained a Master of Science (M.S.E.) in electrical engineering at the University of Pavia (Italy), and from Johns Hopkins University he received both an M.S.E. in Environmental Systems Analysis and a Ph.D. in Systems Analysis & Economics.
Anping Chen, Ph.D.Visiting Scientist
Expertise ecosystem feedbacks, climate and terrestrial ecosystem carbon cycles
Dr. Chen is an ecologist working on a variety of topics in ecology and climate change, in particular ecosystem feedbacks to climate change. He uses a variety of data sources (forest survey, remote sensing, climate data, field data) and tools (statistical analysis, ecosystem modelling) to study the interactions between climate and terrestrial ecosystem carbon cycles from local to global scales. His research also aims to understand the impacts of climate change on human health, and evolutionary dynamics of ecological communities. Dr. Chen received a bachelor’s degree in Environmental Sciences from Peking University (2000) and a PhD in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology from Princeton University (2009).
Scott Goetz, Ph.D.Distinguished Visiting Scientist
Expertise Arctic, United States, biodiversity, remote sensing, landscapes, mapping
Dr. Goetz’s research focuses on ecosystem responses to environmental change, including monitoring and modeling the linkages and feedbacks between forests and climate, land use change and disturbance. Much of this research makes use of satellite imagery. Before joining the Woods Hole Research Center in 2003, where he is now a senior scientist and deputy director, he was a member of the research faculty at the University of Maryland, where he maintains an adjunct faculty appointment. He also worked at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center for 10 years and has authored, to date, more than 140 refereed journal publications and book chapters, and edited 4 special issue compilations. He has served on numerous professional panels, including for the US National Academy of Sciences, and is a member of the Science Steering Group of the North America Carbon Program and the Arctic Boreal Vulnerability Experiment. He is an Associate Editor of Remote Sensing of Environment and is on the editorial board of Environmental Research Letters. He is a past editorial board member of the Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences. He graduated from the Pennsylvania State University (BS), the University of California (MS), and the University of Maryland (PhD).
Phone 508-444-1530 | Email
Holly Hughes, B.S.Visiting Scholar
Expertise Carbon cycling, Maine
Ms. Hughes manages research projects in the Howland Research Forest, Howland, ME in collaboration with the U.S. Forest Service, NASA, NOAA, Harvard University, and others. The focus of the work is forest ecology and includes meteorological instruments located on towers, forest biomass measurements, soil moisture/water table measurements, and CO2 monitoring. Her main interest is in forest soil respiration. From 1996 – present, manual and automated static chamber respiration systems have been maintained in upland and wetland environments. For the past few years, 14C trapping has been run, as well as 13C measurements on forest soil respiration, tree roots, and root-free organic soil as part of an over-all soil respiration partitioning experiment.
Josef Kellndorfer, Ph.D.Distinguished Visiting Scientist
Expertise REDD+, remote sensing, forests, climate change, high performance computing
Dr. Kellndorfer’s research focuses on the monitoring and assessment of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, and the dissemination of Earth observation findings to policy makers through education and capacity building. Using geographic information systems (GIS), remote sensing, and modeling, he studies land-use, land cover and climate change on a regional and global scale. His projects include carbon and biomass mapping of the United States, mapping forest cover across the tropical forested regions of Africa, Latin America and Asia through the generation of consistent data sets of high-resolution, cloud-free radar imagery. Before joining the Center, Kellndorfer was a research scientist with the Radiation Laboratory in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Michigan. He holds a diploma degree in physical geography and a doctorate in geosciences from the Ludwig-Maximilians-University in Munich, Germany. He serves on various expert working groups within NASA, the Group on Earth Observation, and GOFC-GOLD addressing forest carbon measurements in vegetation from remote sensing with existing and future remote sensing and field measurements.
Paulo Moutinho, Ph.D.Distinguished Policy Fellow
Expertise Amazon deforestation, biodiversity and climate change, REDD+
Dr. Paulo Moutinho is an ecologist interested in understanding the causes of deforestation in the Amazon and its consequences on biodiversity, climate change and inhabitants of the region. He has worked in the Amazon for 20 years and was co-founder of the Amazon Environmental Research Institute (IPAM). He was also co-author of the compensated reduction of deforestation concept that contributed with the development of the mechanism known as REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation). He participated actively in the establishment of the Amazon Fund and of the Brazilian National Policy for Climate Change. From 2006 to 2010 Dr. Moutinho served as an Adjunct Associate Scientist at WHRC and over the last four years he acted as Executive Director of IPAM. He earned his M.Sc. and D.Sc. in Ecology from University of Campinas, Brazil. He is currently a senior scientist at IPAM, Brasilia, Brazil.
Publications Research Gate
Daniel Nepstad, Ph.D.Distinguished Visiting Scientist
Dr. Nepstad is a tropical ecologist whose research has focused on the response of Amazon forests to climate change, fire, and land use. In 1998, he developed the Amazon Scenarios program, which simulates the future of the Amazon under a range of policy scenarios. He led the Center’s Amazon Program and REDD initiative (focused on bringing tropical forests into the UN climate treaty) until mid-2008, when he spent a year in environmental philanthropy. Dr. Nepstad returned to the Center to work on a global land-use strategy that lowers greenhouse gas emissions, with an initial focus on the Amazon and Brazil. He was founding president of the Center’s main partner in Brazil (IPAM) and co-founder of both Aliança da Terra and the international Roundtable on Responsible Soy (RTRS). He is currently Executive Director of Earth Innovation Institute.
John D. Schade, Ph.D.Distinguished Visiting Scientist
Expertise Biogeochemistry, ecological stoichiometry, earth and water ecosystems, interdisciplinary knowledge sharing
Dr. Schade is a biogeochemist studying the interface between land, water and atmosphere. His goal is to understand how human activities, such as agricultural development and greenhouse gas emissions, impact ecosystem properties and create feedbacks to climate change. Dr. Schade’s research has ranged from studies of greenhouse gas production in agricultural and arctic streams to the impacts of changing snow depth on carbon and nitrogen cycling in prairie soils and the influence of intensification of the water cycle on methane production by wetlands. He also continues to evolve a model for integrating undergraduate training and environmental research through his work on the Polaris Project. Dr. Schade served a one-year rotation at the National Science Foundation (NSF), where he was a Program Officer in the Ecosystem Studies Program. Following his tour at NSF, he spent a sabbatical year at WHRC and has now returned to St. Olaf College in central Minnesota, where he is an Associate Professor. Dr. Schade earned his B.S. from the University of Michigan and both his M.S. and Ph.D. from Arizona State University, all in Biology.
Thomas A. Stone, M.A.Scientist Emeritus
Expertise Cape Cod and Islands, sea level rise, geology, GIS, remote sensing, land cover change
Mr. Stone is an environmental geologist who uses remote-sensing technology to map vegetation and to determine rates of land use change. He uses satellite imagery and GIS data to determine the rates of deforestation in Siberia, Amazonia, Panama, and in the northeastern US. The results of this work assist in the determination of biotic contributions to the global climate change problem and provide information for land use planning. Before joining the Center, Mr. Stone held a research position in remote sensing at the Ecosystems Center of the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole. He holds a master’s degree in earth sciences from Dartmouth College.
Richard S. Williams, Jr., Ph.D.Visiting Scientist
Expertise airborne and satellite remote sensing
Dr. Williams is a research geologist who uses airborne and satellite remote sensing to monitor changes in the Earth’s glaciers (particularly sensitive indicators of global warming). He is author of more than 200 books, papers, and maps. He holds a doctorate in geology from Penn State, is a fellow of the AAAS, the Geological Society of America, and a foreign fellow of the Icelandic Science Society. Two glaciers in Antarctica are named for him. He is Vice Chairman Emeritus, Committee for Research and Exploration, National Geographic Society, and senior scientist with the U.S. Geological Survey.
Director of Communications
Dave McGlinchey, J.D.
Director of COmmunications
Mr. McGlinchey directs WHRC’s communications function and is responsible for telling the Center’s story to the world. He is a journalist and lawyer, and, prior to joining WHRC, he served as the director of communications and marketing for the Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences. An avid birder, hiker, and skier, he is passionate about raising public awareness for climate change impacts and solutions and is the author of Final Flight: 10 Northeastern Birding Spots at Risk from Climate Change. He serves on the board of the Spatial Informatics Group – Natural Assets Laboratory. Mr. McGlinchey earned his B.A. from Wake Forest University and his J.D. from Suffolk University Law School.
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