Staff Publications: 1999 & Earlier

(* indicates publication is in Portuguese, ** indicates French)

1999   |   1998   |   1997   |   1996   |   1995   |   1994   |   1993   |   1992   |   1991   |   1990   |   1989


1999


Brown, I.F., C.A. Llerena, B.M.G. Esteves, M. de F. A. Bigi, J. de S. Nogueira, and F.K. de Souza. 1999. Land-use and global environmental change in southwestern Amazonia: education and research challenges for regional universities. Extended Abstracts. 3rd Symposium on Environmental Geochemistry in Tropical Countries. Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.

de Camargo, P.B., S.E. Trumbore, L.A. Martinelli, E.A. Davidson, D.C. Nepstad, and R.L. Victoria. Soil carbon dynamics in regrowing forest of eastern Amazonia. Global Change Biology 5 .

Carvalho, F.M.M. de, and I.F. Brown. 1999. Polarization of biotic and economic wealth: the world, the tropics and Brazil. International Journal for Environment and Pollution 6(2)

Carvalho, G. 1999. Hydroelectric Development and Road Paving in Brazil’s Transamazon Area. Journal of Environment and Development Dec. 8 (4) 397-406.

Cochrane, M.A., A. Alencar, M.D. Schulze, C.M. Souza Jr., D.C. Nepstad, P. Lefebvre, and E.A. Davidson. 1999. Positive Feedbacks in the Fire Dynamic of Closed Canopy Tropical Forests. Science 284: 1832-1835.

Cochrane, M.A., and M.D. Schulze. 1999. Fire as a recurrent event in tropical forests of the eastern Amazon: effects on forest structure, biomass, and species composition. Biotropica 31(1): 2-16.

Holdren, J.P., et al. 1999. Powerful Partnerships: The Federal Role in International Cooperation on Energy Innovation. Report of a PCAST Panel, President’s Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology, Executive Office of the President of the United States, June.

Hollinger, D.Y., S.M. Goltz, E.A..Davidson, J.T. Lee, K. Tu, and H.T. Valentine. 1999. Seasonal patterns and environmental control of carbon dioxide and water vapour exchange in an ecotonal boreal forest. Global Change Biology 5: 891-902.

Houghton, R.A. 1999. The annual net flux of carbon to the atmosphere from changes in land use 1850-1990. Tellus 51B:298-313.

Houghton, R.A. 1999. Ecosystem metabolism. In: Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. (D.E.Alexander and R.W. Fairbridge, editors.) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. 172-175.

Houghton, R.A. 1999. Greenhouse effect. In: Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. (D.E. Alexander and R.W. Fairbridge, editors.) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. 303-306.

Houghton, R.A., and J.L. Hackler. 1999. Emissions of carbon from forestry and land-use change in tropical Asia. Global Change Biology 5:481-492.

Houghton, R.A., J.L. Hackler, and K.T. Lawrence. 1999. The U.S. carbon budget: contributions from land-use change. Science 285:574-578.

Houghton, R.A. and K. Ramakrishna. 1999. A Review of National Emissions Inventories from Select Non-Annex I Countries: Implications for Counting Sources and Sinks of Carbon. Annnual Review of Energy and Environment, vol. 24.

Moomaw, W., K. Ramakrishna, K. Gallagher, and T. Fried. 1999. The Kyoto Protocol: A Blueprint for Sustainable Development. Journal of Environment and Development , 8(1).

Moreira, A.G. 1999. Climate Change and Brazilian Ecosystems-Brazil’s path to global leadership and the means to create sustainable development and large-scale conservation in the Amazon. Statement prepared for the President of Brazil.

*Moreira, A.G. 1999. Novos riscos de incêndio em Roraima. Parabólicas 6(48):5.

*Moreira, A.G. 1999. Políticas públicas e uso do fogo na Amazônia: Soluções possíveis. Terra das Águas – revista de estudos amazônicos , 1(1):217-221.

Nepstad, D., A. Moreira, and A. Alencar. 1999. Flames in the Rainforest: Origins, Impacts and Alternatives to Amazon Fire. Pilot Program for the Conservation of the Rainforests of Brazil, World Bank. 140 pp.

Nepstad, D.C., A. Verissimo, A. Alencar, C. Nobre, E. Lima, P. Lefebvre, P. Schlesinger, C. Potter, P. Moutinho, E. Mendoza, M. Cochrane, and V. Brooks. 1999. Large-scale impoverishment of Amazonian forests by logging and fire. Nature 398: 505-508.

Ramakrishna, K. 1999. Kyoto and the Developing World: Why Kyoto treats developing countries differently: popular (U.S.) misconceptions. Foreign Service Journal 76(3): 36-39.

Veldkamp, E., E.A. Davidson, H. Erickson, M. Keller, and A. Weitz. 1999. Soil nitrogen cycling and nitrogen oxide emissions along a pasture chronosequence in the humid tropics of Costa Rica. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 31:387-394.

Verchot, L.V., E.A. Davidson, J.H. Cattânio, I.L. Ackerman, H.E. Erickson, and M. Keller. 1999. Land use change and biogeochemical controls of nitrogen oxide emissions from soils in eastern Amazonia. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 13:31-46.

Woodwell, G.M. 1999. Letter to the Editor. Global warming is a threat. Oberlin News-Tribune. Oberlin, OH. November 30.

Woodwell, G.M. 1999. Review of Protection of Global Diversity: Converging Strategies , ed. L.D. Guruswamy and J.A. McNeely. Duke University Press. Durham, NC.

Woods Hole Research Center. 1999. Our Forests.Our Future: Report of the World Commission on Forests and Sustainable Development. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Woods Hole Research Center. 1999. Our Forests.Our Future: Summary Report of the World Commission on Forests and Sustainable Development. International Institute for Sustainable Development, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.


1998


Adams, M.B., K. Ramakrishna, and E.A. Davidson. 1998. The Contribution of Soil Science to the Development of and Implementation of Criteria and Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management, SSSA Special Publication Number 53, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI.

*Alechandre, A., I.F. Brown, and C.V. Gomes. 1998. Como fazer medidas de distaqncia no campo. Métodos prácticos e de baixo custo para fazer medidas de distancia no campo: usando mãos, braços calibrados. Rio Branco, Brilograf, 32p.

*Alechandre, A.S., I.F. Brown, H. Sassagawa, C.V. Gomes, E. do Amaral, M. Araujo de Aquino, A. dos Santos. 1998. Mapa como ferramenta para gerenciar recursos naturais: um guia passo-a-passo para populações tradicionais fazeren mapas usando imagens de satélite. Rio Branco, Brilhograf, 36p.

Cochrane, M.A., and M.D. Schulze. 1998. Forest fire prediction and prevention in the Brazilian Amazon. Conservation Biology 12 (5):1-3.

Cochrane, M.A. and C.M. Souza. 1998. Linear mixture model classification of burned forests in the eastern Amazon. International Journal of Remote Sensing 19:3433-3440.

Davidson, E.A., E. Belk, and R.D. Boone. 1998. Soil water content and temperature as independent or confounded factors controlling soil respiration in a temperate mixed hardwood forest. Global Change Biology 4: 217-227.

Davidson, E.A., C.S. Potter, P. Schlesinger, and S.A. Klooster. 1998 Model estimates of regional nitric oxide emissions from soils of the southeastern United States. Ecological Applications 8 (3): 748-759.

Houghton, R.A. 1998. Data requirements for estimating emissions of carbon from terrestrial ecosystems. Proceedings Pecora 13 Symposium. Human Interactions with the Environment: Perspectives from Space. American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. Bethesda, Maryland. 21-30.

Houghton, R.A. 1998. Historic role of forests in the global carbon cycle. Pages 1-24 In: G.H. Kohlmaier, M. Weber, and R.A. Houghton (editors). Carbon Dioxide Mitigation in Forestry and Wood Industry. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Houghton, R.A., E.A. Davidson, and G.M. Woodwell. 1998. Missing sinks, feedbacks, and understanding the role of terrestrial ecosystems in the global carbon balance. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 12(1):25-34.

IGBP Terrestrial Carbon Working Group. 1998. The terrestrial carbon cycle: implications for the Kyoto Protocol. Science 280:1393-1394.

*IPAM & WHRC. RisQue98: 1998. Mapas de risco de incêndios florestais e queimadas agrícolas na Amazônia Brasileira no segundo semestre de 1998. IPAM, Belém, Brasil.

Janetos, A., A. Isaev, V. Sukhihk, V. Zhirin, S. Bartelev, D. Ershov, A. Shatalov, M. Gurskiy, A. Pismenniy, T. Ziemelis, H. Shugart, B. Orlick, T. Murphy, E. Kasischke, N. French and T. Stone. 1998. Boreal Forest Characterization and Sustainability Study – Report on Phase I and II Results. U.S. Russian Joint Commission on Economic and Technological Cooperation Environmental Working Group. Report 291500-1-T. 13 pp.

Jipp, P., D. Nepstad, K. Cassel, and C.R. de Carvalho. 1998. Deep soil moisture storage and transpiration in forests and pastures of seasonally-dry Amazônia. Climatic Change 39:395-412.

Kohlmaier, G.H., M. Weber, and R.A. Houghton, eds. 1998. Carbon Dioxide Mitigation in Forestry and Wood Industry . Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Moomaw, W.K., K. Ramakrishna, L. Susskind, and J. Martinez. 1998. Report of the Pre-COP Informal Workshop on Climate Change, Buenos Aires, 6-8 October 1998. Cambridge, MA: The Consensus Building Institute.

*Moreira, A.G., A. Ramos, A. Anderson, N. Bensussan, and A. Freitas. 1998. Presença Humana em Unidades de Conservação. WWF/IPAM/ISA/PPG7/Câmara dos Deputados. Brasília, DF. 126 pp.

*Moreira, A.G., and A. Anderson. 1998. Unidades de conservação no Brasil: Populações tradicionais, estado e sociedade. In: Presença Humana em Unidades de Conservação . (A. G. Moreira, A. Ramos, A. Anderson, N. Bensussan, and A. Freitas, eds.) WWF/IPAM/ISA/PPG7/Câmara dos Deputados. Brasilia, DF. 11-14.

*Negreiros, G.H., D. Nepstad, and E.A. Davidson. 1998. Profundidade mínima de enraizamento das florestas na Amazônia brasileira. In, Floresta Amazônica: Dinâmica, Regeração e Manejo. (C. Gascon and P. Moutinho, eds.) Manaus-AM. INPA.

Nepstad, D., A. Moreira, A. Veríssimo, P. Lefebvre, P. Schlesinger, C. Potter, C. Nobre, T. Krug, A. C. Barros, A. Alencar, and J. R. Pereira. 1998. Rainforests at the edge: forest fire prediction and prevention in the Brazilian Amazon. Conservation Biology 12(5).

*Nepstad, D., C. Uhl, C. Pereira, and J. M. C. da Silva. 1998. Barreiras ao estabelecimento de árvores em pastos abandonados na Amazônia: banco de sementes, predação de sementes, herbivoria e seca. In: Floresta Amazônica: Dinâmica, Regeração e Manejo , C. Gascon and P. Moutinho, eds.

Potter, C., E. Davidson, S. Klooster, D. Nepstad, G. Negreiros, and V. Brooks. 1998. Regional application of an ecosystem production model for studies of biogeochemistry in Brazilian Amazonia. Global Change Biology 4: 315-333.

Ramakrishna, K. 1998. The Challenge of Global Climate Change: Implementing the Kyoto Protocol. Global Change 4(1): Editorial.

Ramakrishna, K., contributing author. 1998. Protecting Our Planet, Securing Our Future. R.T. Watson, J.A. Dixon, S.P. Hamburg, A.C. Janetos and R.H. Moss (eds.). United Nations Environment Programme, NASA, World Bank.

Ramakrishna, K, and E.A. Davidson. 1998. Intergovernmental Negotiations on Criteria and Indicators for the Management, Conservation, and Sustainable Development of Forests: What Role for Forest Soil Scientists? In Adams, M.B., K. Ramakrishna, and E.A. Davidson (eds.) The Contribution of Soil Science to the Development of and Implementation of Criteria and Indicators of Sustainable Forest Management. Madison, WI: SSSA Soil Science Society of America: Special Publication No. 53.

Rapalee, G., S.E. Trumbore, E.A. Davidson, J.W. Harden, and H. Veldhuis. 1998. Soil carbon stocks and their rates of accumulation and loss in a boreal forest landscape. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 12:687-701.

*Salomão, R.P., D.C. Nepstad & I. C. G. Vieira. 1998. Biomassa e estoque de carbono de florestas tropicais primárias e secundárias. In: Floresta Amazônica: Dinâmica, Regeneração e Manejo . C. Gascon e P. Moutinho (eds.) Manaus-AM. INPA. 99-120.

*Serrão, E.A.S., D. Nepstad, and R. Walker. 1998. Desenvolvimento agropecuário e florestal de terra firme na Amazonia: sustentabilidade, criticalidade, e resiliencia. In: Amazonia: Meio ambiente e desenvolvimento agrícola. A. Homma (ed.). EMBRAPA. Belém, Brasil. Ch. 14:367-386.

Stone, T.A. 1998. The Land Cover and Land Use of Cape Cod, 1951 to 1990. Environment Cape Cod 1(4):35-49.

Stone, T.A., and P. Lefebvre. 1998. Using multi-temporal satellite data to evaluate selective logging in Para, Brazil. International Journal of Remote Sensing 19(13):2517-2526.

Woodwell, G.M. 1998. Review of Living Downstream: An Ecologist Looks at Cancer and the Environment, by Sandra Steingraber. The Amicus Journal Winter:38-40.

Woodwell, G.M. and J.P. Holdren. 1998. Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong. International Herald Tribune November 14-15, 1998.

Woodwell, G.M., F.T. Mackenzie, R.A. Houghton, M.J. Apps, E. Gorham, and E.A. Davidson. 1998. Biotic feedbacks in the warming of the earth. Climatic Change 40:495-518.


1997


*Brown, I.F. 1997. Calouros, Exijam Mais! A Gazeta 23 April:3.

Brown, I.F. 1997. Let the people judge: community examining boards help students learn to communicate. Bulletin Ecological Society of America 78(3):210-211.

Chayes, A., W. Moomaw, K. Ramakrishna, and L. Susskind. 1997. A Report of the Schlangenbad Workshop on Climate Change, 17-19 October 1997. Cambridge, MA: The Consensus Building Institute. 32 pp.

*Cymerys, M., P. Shanley & L. Luz. 1997. Quando a caça conserva a mata. Ciência Hoje 22(129): 22-24.

Davidson, E.A. and W. Kingerlee. 1997. A global inventory of nitric oxide emissions from soils. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 48:91-104.

Holdren, J.P., et al. 1997. Federal Energy R&D for the Challenges of the 21 st Century. Report of a PCAST Panel, President’s Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology, Executive Office of the President of the United States, November.

Houghton, R. A. 1997. Terrestrial carbon storage: global lessons for Amazonian research. Ciencia e Cultura 49 (1/2): 58-72.

Jipp, P., D. C. Nepstad, K. Cassle, and C.R. de Carvalho. 1997. Deep soil moisture storage and transpiration in forests and pastures of seasonally-dry Amazonia. Climatic Change 39: 395-412.

Moreira, M., L. Sternberg, L. A. Martinelli, R. L. Victoria, E. M. Barbosa, L. C. M. Bonates and D. C. Nepstad. 1997. Contribution of transpiration to forest ambient vapor based on isotopic measurements. Global Change Biology 3: 439-450.

Nepstad, D. C., C. Klink, C. Uhl, I. C. Vieira, P. A. Lefebvre, M. Pedlowski, E. Matricardi, G. Negreiros, I. F. Brown, E. Amaral, A. Homma and R. Walker. 1997. Land-use in Amazonia and the Cerrado of Brazil. Ciencia e Cultura 49 (1/2): 73-86.

Nepstad, D. C. 1997. The Mosquito People of Amazonia . Woods Hole, MA: The Woods Hole Research Center.

Rahman, A., I. Mintzer, A. Leonard, K. Ramakrishna, eds. 1997. A New Initiative for North-South Dialog on Climate Change. Good Practices, Technology Innovation and New Partnership for Sustainable Development: Challenges and Opportunities in Implementing the Climate Convention. Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS), 1997.

Ramakrishna, K. 1997. The great debate on CO2 emissions. Nature 390 (6657): 227-228.

Ramakrishna, K. 1997. Time is short, stakes are high: act now – an appeal to the U.S. and Japan. /Linkages/Journal/, 2 no. 4:7-8.

Woodwell, G. M. 1997. Book Review: “Living Downstream: An Ecologist Looks at Cancer and the Environment.” The Amicus Journal 19, no. 4: 38-40.

Woodwell, G. M. 1997. Forests on a full earth. Environmental Conservation 24, no. 3: 205-206.

Woodwell, G. M. 1997. Fossil fuels and the global disruption of climate. Lecture notes. New England’s Town Meeting on Climate Change, Boston Public Library, 7 April.

Woodwell, G. M. 1997. Global warming demands U. S. leadership. Vineyard Gazette Jul 18: Commentary.

Woodwell, G. M. 1997. Letter to the Editor. Business Week 17 Nov, no. 3557: Readers Report.

Woodwell, G. M. 1997. Science and the public trust in a full world: function and dysfunction in science and the biosphere. Speech given by G. M. Woodwell at the Forum on Nature and Human Society, National Academy of Sciences. October 28, 1997.

Woodwell, G. M. 1997. What should we do about climatic destabilization – now? Speech by G. M. Woodwell to Congressional Institute for the Future: 1997 Dialogues on America’s Future. October 28, 1997.

Woodwell, G. M. 1997. Who owns the coastal zone? Science and the public interest. In Rim of the Gulf: Restoring Estuaries and Resources – Conference Proceedings, 9-17. Portland, Maine: Island Institute.

Woodwell, G. M., and R. A. Houghton. 1997. The mystery of the great northern forest. In Proceedings of the 7th Annual Conference of the IBFRA: Sustainable Development of Boreal Forests, August 19-23, 1996, 37-44. Moscow, Russia: ARICFR.


1996


*Alencar, A. A., I. C. Vieira, D. C. Nepstad, and P. A. Lefebvre. 1996. Analise multitemporal do use do solo e mudancas da cobertura vegetal em antiga area da Amazonia oriental. VIII Simposio Brasileiro de Sensoriamento Remoto.

Bilbao, B.; R. Braithwaithe; C. Dall’Aglio; B. Dias; A. Moreira; P. Oliveira; J.Ribeiro and P. Stott. 1996. Biodiversity, fire and herbivory in tropical savannas. In: O.T. Solbrig, E. Medina & J. Silva (eds.) Biodiversity and Savanna Ecosystem Processes . Berlin, Springer Verlag. pp.197-203.

*Brown, I. F. 1996. No pais dos numeros ilusorios. Parabolicas : 7.

Brown, I. F. 1996. The use of fairy tales and beer bets as ways to help students in ecology and environmental science courses develop imagination and confidence. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America January: 28-29.

Capoor, K., A. M. Deutz, and K. Ramakrishna. 1996. Towards Practical Implementation of Article 4.1 of the Climate Change Treaty, in US EPA et al ., Climate Change Analysis Workshop: Proceedings, June 6 & 7, 1996, Springfield, VA.

Carvalheiro, K. de Oliveira, and D. C. Nepstad. 1996. Deep soil heterogeneity and fine root distribution in forests and pastures of eastern Amazonia. Plant and Soil 182: 279-285.

Davidson, E. A., P. A. Matson, and P. D. Brooks. 1996. Nitrous oxide emission controls and inorganic nitrogen dynamics in fertilized tropical agricultural soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 60, no. 4: 1145-52.

de Carvalho, F. M. M., and I. F. Brown. 1996. Polarization of biotic and economic wealth: the world, the tropics, and Brazil. Int. J. Environment and Pollution 6, no. 2/3: 160-171.

Deutz, A. M. 1996. Unresolved Rules of Procedure in Environmental Conventions : Discord over Financial Decision-Making, Linkages/Journal/, vol. 1, no. 4, 1 August 1996.

Ferguson, E., and K. Ramakrishna. 1996. Report on Climate Change. Proceedings from the Pugwash Workshop on “Methods for Implementing the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC),” Oegstgeest, The Netherlands, 28-30 August 1996.

Houghton, R. A. 1996. Climate and meteorology. Pages 112-114 in: G.T. Kurian and G.T.T. Molitor (editors). Encyclopedia of the Future . Simon and Schuster Macmillan, New York.

Houghton, R. A. 1996. Converting terrestrial ecosystems from sources to sinks of carbon. Ambio 25 (4): 267-272.

Houghton, R. A. 1996. Land-use change and terrestrial carbon: the temporal record. In Forest Ecosystems, Forest Management and the Global Carbon Cycle , ed. Apps, M.J., and Price, D.T. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, pp. 117-134.

Houghton, R. A. 1996. Terrestrial sources and sinks of carbon inferred from terrestrial data. Tellus 48B : 420-432.

Melillo, J.M., D.W. Kicklighter, R. A. Houghton, and A.D. McGuire. 1996. Tropical deforestation and the global carbon budget. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 21: 293-310.

Mintzer, I., and K. Ramakrishna. 1996. “Report on Working Group 4: Global Action on the Energy/Climate Interaction” in the proceedings of the 46 th Annual Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs, “Security, Co-operation and Disarmament: The Unfinished Agenda for the 1990’s.” Lahti, Finland. 2-7 Sept. 1996. Pugwash Newsletter , Dec.

*Moreira, A.G. 1996. Proteção contra fogo e seu efeito na distribuição e composição de espécies de cinco fisionomias de cerrado. In: H.S. Miranda, C.H. Saito & B.S. Dias (eds.) Impactos de Queimadas em Áreas de Cerrado e Restinga . Brasília, Universidade de Brasília, Departamento de Ecologia. p.112-121.

Nepstad, D. C., P. R. Moutinho, C. Uhl, I. C. Vieira, and J. M. Cardosa da Silva. 1996. The ecological importance of forest remnants in an eastern Amazonian frontier landscape. In Forest Patches in Tropical Forest Landscapes. J. Schelhas, and R. Greenberg, eds. 7: 133-150.

Nepstad, D. C., C. Uhl, C. A. Pereira, and J. M. C. da Silva. 1996. A comparative study of tree establishment in abandoned pasture and mature forest of eastern Amazonia. Oikos 76, no. 1: 25-39.

Potter, C. S., E. A. Davidson and L. V. Verchot. 1996. Estimation of global biogeochemical controls and seasonality in soil methane consumption. Chemosphere 32:2219-2246.

Potter, C. S., P. A. Matson, P. M. Vitousek and E. A. Davidson. 1996. Process modelling of controls on nitrogen trace gas emissions from soils world-wide. Journal of Geophysical Research 101: 1361-1377.

Ramakrishna, K. 1996. Building an Effective Climate Regime. In Young, O.R., G.J. Demko and K. Ramakrishna (eds.). Global Environmental Change and International Governance, University Press of New England, Hanover and London. 219-228.

Ramakrishna, K. 1996. Climate: critical for planet’s sustainability. The Earth Times, Vol. IX, No. 11, p. 24.

Ramakrishna, K., and A. M. Deutz. 1996. Ecological Considerations in the Setting of Quantified Emissions Limitation and Reduction Objectives: Implications of the Ultimate Objective of the Framework Convention on Climate Change, in US EPA et al., Climate Change Analysis Workshop: Proceedings, June 6&7, 1996, Springfield, VA.

*Salomão, R., D. Nepstad & I. C. G. Vieira. 1996. Como a biomassa de florestas tropicais influi no efeito estufa? Ciência Hoje 21: 38-47.

Serrao, E. A. S., D. Nepstad and R. Walker. 1996. Upland agricultural and forestry development in the Amazon: sustainability, criticality and resilience. Ecological Economics 18: 3-13.

*Shanley, P., I. Höhn, and L. M. Luz. 1996. Receitas sem palavras (Recipes without words). Woods Hole Research Center: Belém, Pará, Brasil.

*Vieira, I. C. G., R. de Paiva Salomao, N. de Araujo Rosa, D. C. Nepstad, and J. C. Roma. 1996. Renascimento da floresta no rastro da agricultura. Ciencia Hoje 20, no. 119: 38-44.

Woodwell, G. M. 1996. Letter to the Editor. Newsweek, 12 Feb: 21.

Woodwell, G. M. 1996. Letter to the Editor. Wall Street Journal, Jan. 15: Op. Ed.

Woodwell, G. M. 1996. Population and Environment as Elements in the Restoration of Haiti as a Democracy: Report of Visit to Haiti May 16-19, 1996, with Mr. Timothy Wirth, Under-secretary of State for Global Affairs.

Woodwell, G. M. 1996. Resistance to mutagenesis (Letter to Editor). Science 271, no. 5247: 276-77.

Woodwell, G. M. 1996. Scientists: Warning the Earth. The Earth Times.

Woodwell, G. M. 1996. The warming of the earth: an abstract of remarks by G. M. Woodwell at the National Press Club, Washington DC, June 24, 1996.

Young, Oran R., George J. Demko, and K. Ramakrishna. 1996. Global Environmental Change and International Governance . Dartmouth NH: University Press of New England.


1995


Allen, L.H., and J.S. Amthor. 1995. Plant physiological responses to elevated CO2, temperature, air pollution, and UV-B radiation. In Biotic Feedbacks in the Global Climatic System. Eds. G. M. Woodwell, and F. T. Mackenzie, 51-84. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

Brown, I.F., A.S. Alechandre, H. S. Y. Sassagawa, and M. A. de Aquino. 1995. Empowering local communities in land-use management: The Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, Acre, Brazil. Cultural Survival Quarterly . Special Issue on Technology and Indigenous Peoples: 54-57.

Brown, I.F., L.A. Martinelli, W. W. Thomas, M. Z. Moreira, C. A. Cid Ferreira, and R. A. Victoria. 1995. Uncertainty in the biomass of Amazonian Forests: An example from Rondônia, Brazil. Forest Ecology & Management 75:175-89.

Brown, I.F., B. Turcq, and A. S. Alechandre. 1995. Teaching concepts of accuracy, precision, and opportunity cost in environmental sciences: Arms, legs and significant features. Ciencia e Cultura 47, no. 1/2: 41-44.

Davidson, E.A. 1995. Linkages between carbon and nitrogen cycling and their implications for storage of carbon in terrestrial ecosystems. In Biotic Feedbacks in the Global Climatic System. Eds. G. M. Woodwell, and F. T Mackenzie, 219-30. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

Davidson, E.A. 1995. Spatial covariation of soil organic carbon, clay content, and drainage class at a regional scale. Landscape Ecology 10, no. 6: 349-62.

Davidson, E.A., G. Agren, O. Daniel, K.-C. Emeis, C. Largeau, C. Lee, K. Mopper, J.M. Oades, W.S. Reeburgh, D.S. Schimel, and R.G. Zepp. 1995. Group Report: What are the physical, chemical, and biological processes that control the formation and degradation of nonliving organic matter? In Role of Nonliving Organic Matter in the Earth’s Carbon Cycle. R. G. Zepp, and Ch. Sonntag (eds.), 305-24. UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Davidson, E.A., D.C. Nepstad, C. Klink, and S.E. Trumbore. 1995. Pasture soils as carbon sink. Nature 376, no. 6540: 472-73.

Davidson, E.A., and J.P. Schimel. 1995. Microbial processes of production and consumption of nitric oxide, nitrous oxide and methane. In Biogenic Trace Gases: Measuring Emissions from Soil and Water. Eds. P. A. Matson, and R. C. Harriss, 327-57. Blackwell Science.

Davidson, E.A., and S.E. Trumbore. 1995. Gas diffusivity and production of CO2 in deep soils of the eastern Amazon. Tellus 47B: 550-565.

Edgerton, L. T., and G. M. Woodwell. 1991. The Rising Tide: Global Warming and World Sea Levels. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Holdren, J.P., et al. 1995. The U.S. Program of Fusion Energy Research and Development. Report of a PCAST Panel, President’s Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology, Executive Office of the President of the United States, July.

Houghton, R.A. 1995. Balancing the global carbon cycle with terrestrial ecosystems. In Role of Nonliving Matter in the Earth’s Carbon Cycle. Ed. R. G. Zepp, and Ch. Sonntag, 134-52. London: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Houghton, R.A. 1995. Carbon Cycle. In Encyclopedia of Energy Technology and the Environment , 491-504. London: John Wiley & Sons.

Houghton, R.A. 1995. Changes in the storage of terrestrial carbon since 1850. In Advances in Soil Science: Soils and Global Change , ed. R. Lal, J. Kimble, E. Levine, and B. A. Stewart. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 45-65.

Houghton, R.A. 1995. Deforestation. Pages 449-461 In Encyclopedia of Environmental Biology Orlando, Florida: Academic Press.

Houghton, R. A. 1995. Determining emissions of carbon from land: A global strategy. Pages 59-76 In S. Murai (ed.). Toward Global Planning of Sustainable Use of the Earth. Development of Global Eco-Engineering . Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Houghton, R. A. 1995. Effects of land-use change, surface temperature, and CO2 concentration on terrestrial stores of carbon. In Biotic Feedbacks in the Global Climatic System. Eds. G. M. Woodwell, and F. T Mackenzie, 333-50. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

Houghton, R. A. 1995. Global effects of deforestation. In Handbook of Ecotoxicology. Eds. D. J. Hoffman, B. A. Rattner, G. A. Burton Jr., and J. Cairns Jr., 492-508. Boca Raton FL: Lewis Publishers.

Houghton, R. A. 1995. Human transformation of North America [Book Review]. Conservation Biology 9 :1661-1663.

Houghton, R. A. 1995. Land-use change and the carbon cycle. Global Change Biology 1: 275-87.

Houghton, R. A. 1995. Tropical forests and climate. Pages 263-289 in R.B. Primack and T.E. Lovejoy, editors. Ecology, Conservation, and Management of the Southeast Asian Rainforests . New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Houghton, R.A., and J.L. Hackler. 1995. Continental Scale Estimates of the Biotic Carbon Flux from Land Cover Change: 1850-1980. ORNL/CDIAC-79, NDP-050, Oak Ridge National Laboratory , Oak Ridge, TN. 144 pp.

*Moutinho, P. R., D. C. Nepstad, K. Araújo, and C. Uhl. 1995. Formigas e floresta: Estudo para a recuperaçao de áreas de pastagem. Ciencia Hoje 15, no. 88: 59-60.

Murphy, P.G., A. Lugo, A. Murphy, and D. Nepstad. 1995. The dry forests of Puerto Rico’s south coast. In Tropical Forests: Management and Ecology, A.E. Lugo and C. Lowe, eds. Springer Verlag.

Nepstad, D. C., P. H. Jipp, P. R. Moutinho, G. H. de Negreiros, and S. Vieira. 1995. Forest recovery following pasture abandonment in Amazonia: Canopy seasonality, fire resistance and ants. In Evaluating and Monitoring the Health of Large-Scale Ecosystem, ed. D. J. Rapport, C. L. Gaudet, and P. Calow, 333-49. Berlin: Springer Verlag.

Post, W.M., D.W. Anderson, A. Dahmke, R.A. Houghton, A-Y. Huc, R. Lassiter, R.G. Najjar, H.-U. Neue, T.F. Pedersen, S.E. Trumbore, and R. Vaikmae. 1995. What is the role of nonliving organic matter cycling on the global scale? Pages 155-174 in: R.G. Zepp and Ch. Sonntag (editors). The Role of Non-Living Organic Matter in the Earth’s Carbon Cycle . Chichester, U.K: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Ramakrishna, K., A. Deutz, and L. Jacobsen. 1995. The Ad Hoc Process to Strengthen the Framework Convention on Climate Change . Woods Hole MA: Woods Hole Research Center.

Ramakrishna, K., and J. Spears. 1995. World Commission on Forests and Sustainable Development: Proposed Work Programme . Woods Hole, MA: Woods Hole Research Center.

*Salomão, R., N. Rosa, D. Nepstad & A. Bakk. 1995. Estrutura diametrica e breve caracterização ecológica – econômica de 108 espécies arbóreas da floresta Amazônica Brasileira – I. Interciencia 20: 20-29.

Trumbore, S.E., and E.A. Davidson. 1995. Gaseous diffusivity and production of CO2 in deep forest soils of the eastern Amazon [abstract]. Agronomy Abstracts.

Trumbore, S.E., E.A. Davidson, P.B. de Camargo, D.C. Nepstad, and L.A. Martinelli. 1995. Below-ground cycling of carbon in forests and pastures of eastern Amazonia. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 9(4):515-28.

Unruh, J.D., and P.A. Lefebvre. 1995. A spatial database approach for estimating areas suitable for agroforestry in sub-Saharan Africa: aggregation and use of agroforestry case studies. Agroforestry Systems 32.

Vieira, I.C., D.C. Nepstad, and R. de Paiva Salomao. 1995. The flora of an Amazonian landscape after a century of agriculture: the Bragantina region, Brasil. Conservation Biology.

Woodwell, G.M. 8 September 1995. Action is needed on global warming. Boston Globe, sec. Op-Ed.

Woodwell, G.M. 1995. A habitat for all life. BioScience 45, no. 2: 67-68.

Woodwell, G.M. 1995. The Brown Crusade (Review of Rubin’s The Green Crusade: Rethinking the Roots of Environmentalism). BioScience 45, no. 9: 634-35.

Woodwell, G.M. 1995. The Warming of the Earth – The oceans and the forests: A positive feedback system? In Pacem in Maribus XXII (Peace in the Oceans) , Editors K. Saigal, R. Rajagopalan, and L. S. Ganesh, 70-78. Madras: International Ocean Institute.

Woodwell, G.M., and F.T Mackenzie. 1995. Biotic Feedbacks in the Global Climatic System: Will the Warming Feed the Warming? New York: Oxford University Press.

Woodwell, G.M., and K. Ramakrishna. 1995. Forests and the human habitat: The case for building a global consensus. In The Role of Forest Ecosystems and Forest Management in the Global Carbon Cycle. New York: Springer-Verlag.


1994


Amthor, J. S. 1994. Scaling CO2-photosynthesis relationships from the leaf to the canopy. Photosynthesis Research 39: 321-50.

Azevedo-Ramos, C., and P.R. Moutinho. 1994. Amphisbaenians (Reptilia: Amphisbaenidae) in nests of Atta sexdens (Hymenoptera: formicidae) in Eastern Amazonia, Brazil. Entomological News 105(3): 183-84.

Brown, I.F. 1994. Remarks. For the IAI Workshop on Tropical Ecosystems and Biogeochemical Cycles. Brazil: INPE.

Chayes, A., and K. Ramakrishna. 1994. Report of the Workshop. In Criteria for Joint Implementation Under the Framework Convention on Climate Change , Ed. K. Ramakrishna, 3-4. Woods Hole, MA: Woods Hole Research Center.

Dale, V.H., S. Brown, E.P. Flint, C.A.S. Hall, R.A. Houghton, L.R. Iverson, J.F. Richards, and J. Uhlig. 1994. Estimating CO2 flux from tropical forests. In Effects of Land-Use Change on Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations. ed. V.H. Dale, 365-84. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Davidson, E.A. 1994. Climate change and soil microbial processes: Secondary effects are hypothesised from better known interacting primary effects. In Soil Responses to Climate Change. ed. M.D.A. Rounsevell, and P.J. Loveland, 155-68. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Davidson, E.A., and J.L. Hackler. 1994. Soil heterogeneity can mask the effects of ammonium availability on nitrification. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 26(10):1449-53.

Dixon, R.K., S. Brown, R.A. Houghton, A.M. Solomon, M.C. Trexler, and J. Wisniewski. 1994. Carbon pools and flux of global forest ecosystems. Science 263(5144): 185-90.

Elisabetsky, E., and P. Shanley. 1994. Ethnopharmacology in the Brazilian Amazon. Pharmacology and Therapeutics 64:201-14.

Hart, S.C., J.M. Stark, E.A. Davidson, and M.K. Firestone. 1994. Nitrogen mineralization, immobilization, and nitrification. Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2: Microbial and Biochemical Properties. , 985-1018. Madison WI: SSSA.

Houghton, R.A. 1994. Forests and the global carbon cycle: Current storage and emissions (in Portuguese). In Emissao X Sequestro de CO2: Uma Nova Oportunidade de Negocios para o Brasil, 39-76. Companhia Vale do Rio Doce, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Houghton, R.A. 1994. The world-wide extent of land-use change. BioScience 44(5):305-13.

Houghton, R.A., and J.L. Hackler. 1994. The net flux of carbon from deforestation and degradation in South and Southeast Asia. In Effects of Land-Use Change on Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations: South and Southeast Asia as a Case Study. Editor V. H Dale, 301-27. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Houghton, R.A., and G.M. Woodwell. 1994. Forests as Carbon Sinks. Criteria for Joint Implementation Under the Framework Convention on Climate Change, ed. K. Ramakrishna, 35-40. Woods Hole, MA: Woods Hole Research Center.

Koch, G.W., J.S. Amthor, and M.L. Goulden. 1994. Diurnal patterns of leaf photosynthesis, conductance and water potential at the top of a lowland rain forest canopy in Cameroon: measurements from the Radeau des Cimes. Tree Physiology 14:347-60.

Lefebvre, P.A., and T.A. Stone. 1994. Monitoring selective logging in eastern Brazilian Amazonia using multi-temporal Landsat thematic mapper imagery. Proceedings of the International Symposium of Resource and Environmental Monitoring, ISPRS Commission 7, 288-91. Rio de Janeiro.

*Mattos, M., G.H. Negreiros, D.C. Nepstad, J.H. Benatti, and I. Höhn. 1994. Avaliação de EIA/RIMA. Uma experiência – Uma perspectiva. A sociedade civil discutindo o futuro da Amazônia. (Evaluation of an Environmental Impact Assessment: An experience – a perspective. Civil society discussing the future of Amazonia.) I Encontro de Ciências Ambientais. Rio de Janeiro.

Mattos, M.M., and C. Uhl. 1994. Economic and ecological perspectives on ranching in the Eastern Amazon. World Development 22(2):145-58.

Negreiros, G.H. de, and D.C. Nepstad. 1994. Mapping deeply-rooting forests of Brazilian Amazonia with GIS. In: The Proceedings of the International Symposium of Resource and Environmental Monitoring, ISBRS Commission 7 , 334-338. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: ISBRS Commission 7.

Nepstad, D.C. 1994. Traditional resource use in neotropical forests. Ecology 75: 265-266.

Nepstad, D.C., C.R. de Carvalho, E.A. Davidson, P.H. Jipp, P.A. Lefebvre, G.H. de Negreiros, E.D. da Silva, T.A. Stone, S.E. Trumbore, and S. Vieira. 1994. The role of deep roots in the hydrological and carbon cycles of Amazonian forests and pastures. Nature 372(6507):666-69.

*Pereira, C., J. Veiga, D. Nepstad and E.A.S. Serrão. 1994. Avaliação do crescimento de arvores de valor econômico em sistemas agrosilvipastorís de Paragominas, Pará. Congresso de Sistemas Agroflorestais , Rondônia.

Ramakrishna, K. 1994. Criteria for Joint Implementation Under the Framework Convention on Climate Change. Woods Hole, MA: Woods Hole Research Center.

Ramakrishna, K. 1994. The Financial Mechanism of the Framework Convention on Climate Change: Operational Issues. Woods Hole, MA: Woods Hole Research Center.

Rayner, S., F. Bretherton, S. Buol, M. Fosberg, W. Grossman, R. Houghton, R. Lal, J. Lee, S. Lonergan, J. Olson, R. Rockwell, C. Sage, and E. van Imhoff. 1994. A wiring diagram for the study of land-use/cover change: Report of working group A. In Changes in Land Use and Land Cover: A Global Perspective , ed. W.B. Meyer and B.L. Turner, 13-53. Cambridge, U.K: Cambridge University Press.

Serrao, A.E., C. Uhl, and D.C. Nepstad. 1994. Deforestation for pasture in the humid tropics: Is it economically and environmentally sound in the long term? In Proceedings of the XVII International Grassland Congress 1993, 2215-21.

Stone, T.A., and P. Schlesinger. 1994. Building a Spatially Referenced Database of Landcover for the Region of the Former Soviet Union. Pecora 12 Sympos. Proceedings, Land Information from Space-Based Systems. Sioux Falls, ID. Aug. 1993. 555-558.

Stone, T.A., P. Schlesinger, R.A. Houghton, and G.M. Woodwell. 1994. A map of the vegetation of South America based on satellite imagery. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 60(5):541-51.

Vieira, I., C. Uhl, and D. Nepstad. 1994. The role of the shrub Cordia multispicata Cham. as a ‘succession-facilitator’ in an abandoned pasture, Paragominas, Amazônia. Vegetatio 115:91-99.

Woodwell, G.M. 1994. Issues that underlie biodiversity: or, Why are there so many sowbugs? In Biodiversity in the Context of Science and Society, ed. A.H. Westing, 47-57. Middletown Springs VT: Vermont Academy of Arts & Sciences.

Woodwell, G.M. 1994. Managing the Earth: Exploding the myth of the phantom resource. Ecosystem Management: Status and Potential. Summary of a workshop convened by the Congressional Research Service, 291-96. Washington DC: US GPO.

Woodwell, G.M. 1994. New England’s Prospect: 1994. In Gulf of Maine Environment Atlas, ed. P. Conkling and S. Meyer. Island Press.

Woodwell, G.M. 1994. The effect of science and government on the temperature of the earth. In Energy, the Environment, and Global Economic Growth, 129-34. Tulsa, OK: University of Tulsa.

Woodwell, G.M. 1994. The warming of the earth. In The Environment: Global Problems, Local Solutions , ed. J.E. Hickey, Jr., and L.A. Longmire. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Woodwell, G.M. 1994. To repair a world gone awry. Renewable Resources Journal 12(3):6-10.


1993


Amthor, J.S. 1993. Effects of CO2 enrichment on higher plant respiration. In Design and Execution of Experiments on CO2 Enrichment, ed. E.D. Schulze and H.A. Mooney, 29-44. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

*Barroso, L.V., I.F. Brown, D.C. Nepstad, and P.A. Lefebvre. 1993. Dinamica do Uso da Terra em Assentamentos Humanos na Regiao de Paragominas, Amazonia Brasileira, atraves de Sensoriamento Remoto e Sistema Geografico de Informaçoes. Congresso Florestal Panamericano, 338-40.

Barroso, L.V., D.C. Nepstad, I.F. Brown, and P.A. Lefebvre. 1993. Change Detection on Land Use and Rainforest Cover at Paragominas Region, Brazilian Amazon. Simposio Brasileiro de Sensoriamento Remoto, 21-29.

Brown, I.F. 1993. Innocence in Brazil: Tales from the Amazon. Woods Hole, MA: Woods Hole Research Center.

Bucher, E.H., A. Bonetto, T. Boyle, P. Canevari, G. Castro, P. Huszar, and T.A. Stone. 1993. Hidrovia: An Initial Environmental Examination of the Paraguay-Parana Waterway . Manomet MA: Wetlands for the Americas. 72 pp.

Dale, V.H., R.A. Houghton, A. Grainger, A.E. Lugo, and S. Brown. 1993. Emissions of greenhouse gases from tropical deforestation and subsequent uses of the land. In Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics, ed. National Research Council, 215-60. Washington DC: National Academy Press.

Davidson, E.A. 1993. Soil water content and the ratio of nitrous oxide to nitric oxide emitted from soil. In Biogeochemistry of Global Change, ed. Oremland, 369-86. New York: Chapman & Hall.

Davidson, E.A., and I.L. Ackerman. 1993. Changes in soil carbon inventories following cultivation of previously untilled soils. Biogeochemistry 20, April:161-93.

Davidson, E.A., D.J. Herman, A. Schuster, and M.K. Firestone. 1993. Cattle grazing and oak trees as factors affecting soil emissions of nitric oxide from an annual grassland. In Agricultural Ecosystem Effects on Trace Gases and Global Climate Change: ASA Special Publication #55. 109-19. Madison WI: ASA/CSSA/SSA.

Davidson, E.A., and P.A. Lefebvre. 1993. Estimating regional carbon stocks and spatially covarying edaphic factors using soil maps. Biogeochemistry 22:107-31.

Davidson, E.A., P.A. Matson, P.M. Vitousek, R. Riley, et al. 1993. Processes regulating soil emissions of NO and NO2 in a seasonally dry tropical forest. Ecology 74(1):130-139.

Houghton, R.A. 1993. The carbon cycle (review of a meeting). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 74:355-356.

Houghton, R.A. 1993. Changes in terrestrial carbon over the last 135 years. In NATO ASI Series, Vol. I 15: The Global Carbon Cycle. Editor M. Heimann, 139-56. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Houghton, R.A. 1993. The flux of carbon from changes in land use. In Projections of Future CO 2. Technical Paper 27, ed. I.G. Enting and K.R. Lassey, Appendix B. Division of Atmospheric Research, CSIRO, Australia.

Houghton, R.A. 1993. Is carbon accumulating in the northern temperate zone? Global Biogeochemical Cycles 7, no. 3: 611-17.

Houghton, R.A. 1993. The role of the world’s forests in global warming. In World Forests for the Future: Their Use and Conservation. Editors K. Ramakrishna and G.M. Woodwell, 23-58. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Houghton, R.A., J.D. Unruh, and P.A. Lefebvre. 1993. Current land cover in the tropics and its potential for sequestering carbon. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 7(2):305-20.

Hutchinson, G.L., and E.A. Davidson. 1993. Processes for production and consumption of gaseous nitrogen oxides in soil. In Agricultural Ecosystem Effects on Trace Gases and Global Climate Change: ASA Special Publication #55: 79-93. Madison WI: ASA/CSSA/SSSA.

Lefebvre, P.A., M.K. Burke, and T.A. Stone. 1993. Monitoring forest vigor using physiological indices and digital satellite imagery [abs]. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, Program Abstracts and Supplement 74, no. 2: 326.

*Mendonça Santos, M.L., and I.F. Brown. 1993. Interpretation of satellite images and aerial photographs for mapping and monitoring land use in two communities of the Capim River, Paragominas, Para, Brazil. Proceedings of Simposio Brasileiro de Sensoriamento Remoto: Anais do VII SBSR, 188-91.

Mendonça Santos, M.L., M.M. Mattos, I.Pires, I.F. Brown, and W.S. Assis. 1993. Utilization of satellite images for preliminary mapping of land-use and for teaching agriculturists of the Capim River, Paragominas, Para, Brazil. In Annals of the VII Brazilian Symposium of Remote Sensing, 5-19.

*Moutinho, P., D. Nepstad, C. Uhl and K. Araujo. 1993. As formigas e a recuperação da floresta Amazônica. (Ants and the recuperation of Amazon forests.) Ciência Hoje 15:59.

Nepstad, D.C., and E.A. Davidson. 1993. Letter to the Editor: Deforestation’s other side isn’t rosy. The Washington Post Oct 8.

Nepstad, D.C., I.C. Vieira, P.R. Moutinho, and P.H. Jipp. 1993. Forest fragments and the future flora and fauna of Eastern Amazonia. In Forest Remnants in the Tropical Landscape: Benefits and Policy Implications. Symposium presented by the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center , ed. J.K. Doyle and J. Schelhas. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution.

Ramakrishna, K. 1993. The Need for an International Commission on the Conservation and Utilization of World Forests. In World Forests for the Future: Their Use and Conservation , ed. G.M. Woodwell and K. Ramakrishna, 121-134 . New Haven: Yale University Press.

Ramakrishna, K., and G.M. Woodwell, ed. 1993. World Forests for the Future: Their Use and Conservation. New Haven: Yale University Press. 148 pp.

Stone, T.A., and P Schlesinger. 1993. Building a spatially referenced database of landcover for the region of the former Soviet Union [abs]. Pecora 12 Symposium Proceedings .

*Vieira, I.C., D.C. Nepstad, S. Brienza Jr., and C.A. Pereira. 1993. A importância de áreas degradadas no contexto agrícola e ecológico da Amazônia. In Bases Científicas para Estratégias de Preservaçáo e Desenvolvimento da Amazônia , ed.S. Leáo and O. Ferreira, Vol. 2: 43-53. Manaus: Inst. Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia.

Williams, E.J., and E.A. Davidson. 1993. An intercomparison of two chamber methods for the determination of emission of nitric oxide from soil. Atmospheric Environment 27A(14): 2107-13.

Woodwell, G.M. 1993. Balancing the carbon budget: Review of Vegetation Dynamics and Global Change , ed. Solomon and Shugart. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 8(10):381.

Woodwell, G.M. 1993. Biotic responses to the warming of the earth: Will the warming speed the warming? Prepared for The Revelle Symposium. Cambridge, MA.

Woodwell, G.M. 1993. Ecology: The Restoration. Restoration Ecology .

Woodwell, G.M. 1993. Emergent issues require a global analysis: An independent world commission on forests and sustainable development. Gautam Vohra at Development Alternatives, an NGO in India.

Woodwell, G.M. 1993. Forests: What in the world are they for? In World Forests for the Future: Their Use and Conservation , ed. K. Ramakrishna and G.M., 1-20. New Haven CT: Yale Univ. Press.

Woodwell, G.M. 1993. Letter to the Editor. The New York Times 28 Sep: A24.

Woodwell, G.M. 1993. Review of The Shaping of Environmentalism in America by Victor B Scheffer. Quarterly Review of Biology 68(3):449.

Woodwell, G.M. 1993. To repair a world gone awry. Twelfth Pecora Memorial Symposium .

Woodwell, G.M. 1993. Ueber die Wissenschaft und den Zweck des Regierens in einer neuen Weltordnung (On science and the purpose of government under the new world order). In Denken und Handeln in Globaler Verantwortung (Book for Helmut Schmidt’s 75th birthday), ed. Hans d’Orville, Vol. II, 156-162.

Woodwell, G.M., and R.A. Houghton. 1993. Warming the North: What happens? In Carbon Cycling in Boreal Forests and Sub-Arctic Ecosystems: US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development , 1-8. Washington DC: GPO.


1992


Amthor, J.S., G.W. Koch, and A.J. Bloom. 1992. CO2 inhibits respiration in leaves of Rumex crispus L. Plant Physiology 98:757-60.

*Barroso, L.V., I.F. Brown, D.C. Nepstad, and P.A. Lefebvre. 1992. Estudo do Uso da Terra em Paragominas (Pará) como Ferramenta para a Formaçao de Recursos Humanos em Sensoriamento Remoto. Seminario de Ciencias Ambientais.

Brown, I.F., and V. Passos. 1992. Saving tropical forests requires communication. Cape Cod Times, 3 May, G1.

Brown, I.F. 1992. Letter: Defraying judgement. BioScience 24(6):397-398.

Brown, I.F., D. Irvine, T. MacDonald, N. Gonzalez, and I. Bastidas. 1992. Applications of geochemistry and training programs for indigenous land-use planning in the Ecuadorian Amazon. Interciencia 17(5):284-292.

Brown, I.F., D.C. Nepstad, I. de Pires, L. M. Luz, and A. S. Alechandre. 1992. Carbon storage and land-use in extractive reserves, Acre, Brazil. Environmental Conservation 19(4):307-15.

Davidson, E.A. 1992. Pulses of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide flux following wetting of dry soil: An assessment of probable sources and importance relative to annual fluxes. Ecological Bulletin 42:149-55.

Davidson, E.A. 1992. Sources of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide following wetting of dry soil. Soil Science Society of America Journal 56(1):95-102.

Davidson, E.A., S.C. Hart, and M.K. Firestone. 1992. Internal cycling of nitrate in soils of a mature coniferous forest. Ecology 73(4):1148-1156.

*Mattos, M., D. Nepstad, and I. Vieira. 1992. Cartilha para agricultores e extensionistas sobre mapeamento de área, cubagem de madeira e inventário florestal. (Handbook for farmers and extension specialists on land mapping, timber volume measurement, and forest inventory.) CEJUP Press.

Nepstad, D.C. 1992. Conclusions and recommendations: The challenge of non-timber forest product extraction. In Non-Timber Products from Tropical Forests: Evaluation of a Conservation and Development Strategy , ed. D.C. Nepstad, and S. Schwartzman, 143-146. Bronx, N.Y.: New York Botanical Garden .

Nepstad, D.C., I.F. Brown, L.M. Luz, A.S. Alechandre, and V. Viana. 1992. Biotic impoverishment of Amazonian forests by rubber tappers, loggers, and cattle ranchers. In Non-Timber Products from Tropical Forests: Evaluation of a Conservation and Development Strategy , ed. D. Nepstad and S. Schwartzman. Bronx, N.Y.: New York Botanical Garden .

*Nepstad, D.C., M.M. Mattos, and I.C Vieira. 1992. Cartilha sobre mapeamentro de área, cubagem de madeira e inventário florestal (Workbook for Measuring and Mapping the Forests).

Nepstad, D.C., and S. Schwartzman, eds. 1992. Non-Timber Products from Tropical Forests: Evaluation of a Conservation and Development Strategy . Bronx, N.Y.: New York Botanical Garden.

Ramakrishna, K. 1992. Interest articulation and lawmaking in global warming negotiations: Perspectives from developing countries. Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems 2(1):153-172.

Ramakrishna, K. 1992. North-South issues: Common heritage of mankind and global environmental change. In Global Environmental Change and International Relations , e d. I. Rowlands and M. Greene. London: MacMillan.

Ramakrishna, K., and O.R. Young. 1992. International organizations in a warming world: Building a global climate regime. In Confronting Climate Change: Risks, Implications and Responses , ed. I. Mintzer, 253-264. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Rastetter, E.B., and R.A. Houghton. 1992. Letter: Carbon budget estimates. Science 258:382.

Sheldon, J.W., and P Shanley. 1992. Salvaging the botanical wisdom of Asia and Amazonia. Cooperation South Apr:14-15.

Stone, T.A. 1992. The visual record: South America’s vanishing natural vegetation. Cultural Survival Quarterly 16(3):67-70.

Stone T.A. and P. Schlesinger. 1992. Using 1 Km Resolution Satellite Data to Classify the Vegetation of South America. International Union of Forestry Research Organizations’ Remote Sensing & World Forest Monitoring International Workshop; Permanent Plots for World Forest Monitoring (IUFRO S4.02.05), January 1992. Pattaya, Thailand. pp. 85-93.

Stone, T.A., P. Schlesinger, and A. Z. Shwidenko. 1992. Vegetation gradients in the Yana River Basin, Yakut ASSR. International Workshop on Classification of Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation of South America, the 22nd Arctic Workshop Program and Abstracts, INSTAAR, Univ. of Colorado.

Woodwell, G.M. 1992. Foreword to “Non-Timber Products from Tropical Forests: Evaluation of a Conservation and Development Strategy.” Advances in Economic Botany9: v.

Woodwell, G.M. 1992. How does the world work? Great issues of life and government hinge on the answer. In Global Warming and Biological Diversity, ed. Peters and Lovejoy, 31-37. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Woodwell, G.M. 1992. When succession fails. In Ecosystem Rehabilitation, Vol. I: Policy Issues , ed. Wali, 27-35.

Woodwell, G.M., and K. Ramakrishna. 1992. Forest treaty urged by global warming. Earth Summit Times: 1.

Woodwell, G.M., and K. Ramakrishna. 14 February 1992. Delay in saving forests means death for Earth. News and Observer, Op-Ed.

Woodwell, G.M., and K. Ramakrishna. 11 February 1992. Forests, scapegoats and global warming. The New York Times, Op-Ed.


1991


Amthor, J.S. 1991. Respiration in a future, higher CO2 world. Plant, Cell and Environment 14:13-20.

Brown, I.F., I. Pires, D.C. Nepstad, and L.M. Luz. 1991. Satellite images and scientific research as tools to assist Brazilian rubber tappers in forest management. Abstract of invited talk for Symposium on Science, Human Rights and Indigenous Peoples: Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science . Washington DC: AAAS.

Dale, V.H., R.A. Houghton, and C.A.S. Hall. 1991. Estimating the effects of land-use change on global atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 21(1):87-90.

Davidson, E.A. 1991. Fluxes of nitrous oxide and nitric oxide from terrestrial ecosystems. In Methane, Nitrogen Oxides and Halomethanes. 219-235. Washington DC: American Society for Microbiology.

Davidson, E.A. 1991. Leadership for a new environmental order. Christian Science Monitor, 27 Feb., p. 19.

Davidson, E.A., S.C. Hart, C.A. Shanks, and M.K. Firestone. 1991. Measuring gross nitrogen mineralization, immobilization, and nitrification by 15N isotopic pool dilution in intact soil cores. Journal of Soil Science 42:335-349.

Davidson, E.A., P.M. Vitousek, P.A. Matson, R. Riley, G. Garcia-Mendez, and J.M. Maass. 1991. Soil emissions of nitric oxide in a seasonally dry tropical forest of Mexico. Journal of Geophysical Research 96(D8): 15439-45.

Edgerton, L.T., and G.M. Woodwell. 1991. The Rising Tide: Global Warming and World Sea Levels. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Houghton, R.A. 1991. Biomass burning from the perspective of the global carbon cycle. In Global Biomass Burning: Atmospheric, Climatic, and Biospheric Implications , 321-325. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Houghton, R.A. 1991. Releases of carbon to the atmosphere from degradation of forests in tropical Asia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 21(1):132-142.

Houghton, R.A. 1991. The role of forests in affecting the greenhouse gas composition of the atmosphere. In Global Climate Change and Life on Earth , 43-55. New York: Routledge, Chapman and Hall.

Houghton, R.A. 1991. Tropical deforestation and atmospheric carbon dioxide. Climatic Change 19:99-118.

Houghton, R.A., D.S. Lefkowitz, and D.L. Skole. 1991. Changes in the landscape of Latin America between 1850 and 1980: (I) A progressive loss of forests. Forest Ecology and Management 38:143-72.

Houghton, R.A., D.L. Skole, and D.S. Lefkowitz. 1991. Changes in the landscape of Latin America between 1850 and 1980: (II) Net increase of CO2 to the atmosphere. Forest Ecology and Management 38:173-99.

Nepstad, D.C. 1991. Rangeland conditions in Latin America. World Resources Report 1990-91. 113-120.

Nepstad, D.C., C. Uhl, and E.A.S. Serrão. 1991. Recuperation of a degraded Amazonian landscape: Forest recovery and agricultural restoration. Ambio 20(6):248-255.

Ramakrishna, K. 1991. The convention on climate change: The task ahead. Journal of International Affairs 45:517-22.

Ramakrishna, K., and G.M. Woodwell. 1991. Report of the Workshop on the Conservation and Utilization of World Forests. Woods Hole MA: Woods Hole Research Center.

Rudaz, A.O., E.A. Davidson, and M.K. Firestone. 1991. Sources of nitrous oxide production following wetting of dry soil. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 85:117-124.

Stone, T.A., I.F. Brown, and G.M. Woodwell. 1991. Estimates, by remote sensing, of deforestation in central Rondonia, Brazil. Forest Ecology and Management 38(3,4): 291-304.

*Uhl, C., D.C. Nepstad, J.M. Cardosa da Silva, and I.C Vieira. 1991. Restauraçâo de floresta em pastagens degradadas. Ciencia Hoje 13(76):23-31.

Unruh, J.D. 1991. Nomadic pastoralism and irrigated agriculture in Somalia: Utilization of existing land-use patterns in designs for multiple access of ‘high potential’ areas of semi-arid Africa. GeoJournal 25(1): 91-103.

Woodwell, G.M. 1991. Biotic influences as the earth warms: Warmer and warmer and faster and? Testimony before the Subcommittee on Health and Environment, Committee on Energy and Commerce, US House of Representatives.

Woodwell, G.M. 1991. Forests in a warming world: A time for new policies. Climatic Change 19:245-51.

Woodwell, G.M. 1991. Global climate change and greenhouse emissions. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Health and the Environment of the Committee on Energy and Commerce Washington DC: 102nd Congress, 1st Session.

Woodwell, G.M. 1991. Global environment facility: a look toward 2000. Testimony before the Committee on Appropriations, Subcommittee on Foreign Operations, US House of Representatives, Hearing on Debt and Environmental Issues. Washington DC: March 4.

Woodwell, G.M. 1991. Letter to the Editor: Supporting life on earth. Science 254:358-60.

Woodwell, G.M. 1991. The environment in 2050: What we need to do now. Proceedings, 10th Anniversary Workshop & Conference of the WV Consortium for Faculty & Course Development in International Studies (FACDIS), Agenda for 21 st Century: Global Cooperation; Environment North-South Issues Peace and Security.

Young, O., G.J. Demko, and K. Ramakrishna. 1991. “Global Environmental Change and International Governance,” Summary and Recommendations of a Conference held at Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H., June.


1990


Brown, I.F. 1990. Conservation, development, and human rights in the Amazon. Annals of Earth VIII(2):16-17.

Brown, I.F. 1990. Global climate change and some local strategies. Annals of Earth VIII, no. 2: 20-22.

Burke, M.K., R.A. Houghton, and G.M. Woodwell. 1990. Progress toward predicting the potential for increased emissions of CH4 from wetlands as a consequence of global warming. In Soils and the Greenhouse Effect, 451-55. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Davidson, E.A., and R. Amundson. 1990. Carbon dioxide and nitrogenous gases in the soil atmosphere. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 38(1990):13-41.

Davidson, E.A., P.M. Groffman, and D. Myrold. 1990. Denitrification in temperate forest ecosystems. Proceedings of the 7th North American Forest Soils Conference, Univ. of British Columbia .

Davidson, E.A., J.M. Stark, and M.K. Firestone. 1990. Microbial production and consumption of nitrate in an annual grassland. Ecology 71(5):1968-75.

Davidson, E.A., and W.T Swank. 1990. Nitrous oxide dissolved in soil solution: An insignificant pathway of nitrogen loss from a southeastern hardwood forest. Water Resources Research 26(7):1687-1690.

Houghton, R.A. 1990. The future role of tropical forests in affecting the CO2 concentration of the atmosphere. Ambio 19(4):204-209.

Houghton, R.A. 1990. The global effects of tropical deforestation. Environmental Science Technology 24(4):414-21.

Houghton, R.A. 1990. Pacific Northwest forests and the global carbon cycle. In Ancient Forests of the Pacific Northwest , ed. Norse, 138-141. Washington DC: Island Press.

Houghton, R.A. 1990. The relationship of standing and residual biomass to global warming. In Energy From Biomass and Wastes XIII, 197-227. Chicago IL: Institute of Gas Technology.

Houghton, R.A., and D.L. Skole. 1990. Carbon. In The Earth as Transformed by Human Action, ed. Turner, Clark, Kates, Richards, Matthews, and Meyer, 393-408. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.

Houghton, R.A., and D.L. Skole. 1990. The long-term flux of carbon between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere as a result of changes in land use. Research Project of the Month , U.S. Department of Energy, Washington DC.

Houghton, R.A., and G.M. Woodwell. 1990. Global climatic change. Based on the proceedings of the annual workshop, Energy Policy Issues, 1-8. TERI Information Service on Global Warming (TISGLOW).

*Mozeto, A.A., T.A. Stone, I.F. Brown, and D.L. Skole, 1990. O Uso de Sistema Geográfico de Informaçao e de Sensoreamento Remoto Na Avaliaçao do Impacto Ambiental Na Esatcao Ecologia da UHE Samuel, Rondônia Brasil. Interciencia 15(5):265-271.

Mozeto, A.A., T.A. Stone, I.F. Brown, and D.L. Skole. 1990. The use of Geographic Information System and of remote sensing in the assessment of the environmental impact in the ecological station of the Uhe Samuel, Rondonia, Brasil. Interciencia 15(5): 265-71.

Nepstad, D.C., C. Uhl, and A.E. Serrao. 1990. Surmounting barriers to forest regeneration in abandoned, highly degraded pastures: A case study from Paragominas, Pará, Brazil. In Alternatives to Deforestation: Steps Toward Sustainable Utilization of Amazon Forests. New York: Columbia University Press.

Oladipo, E.O., and K. Ramakrishna. 1990. Implications of Targets for non-OECD Countries. In Targets and Indicators of Climatic Change: Report of the Working Group 2 of the Advisory Group on Greenhouse Gases, ed. F.R. Rijsberman and R.J. Swart, 141-165. Stockholm Environment Institute.

*Pires, I.O., T.A. Stone, P. Schlesinger, and I.F. Brown. 1990. Uso de Calibracao de Dados AVHRR/NOAA com Dados TM/LANDSAT, no Monitoramento da Cobertura Florestal Da Amazonia Oriental, Area Teste: Regio de Maraba-Para. VI Simposio Brasileiro De Sensoriamento Remoto, Manaus, June. Anais 2:536-544.

Pires, I., T.A. Stone, P. Schlesinger, and I.F. Brown. 1990. The use of Landsat TM data to calibrate NOAA/AVHRR data to monitor forest cover of eastern Amazonia. Test area: region of Maraba, Para. Proceedings VI Brazilian Symposium on Remote Sensing, 536-44.

Ramakrishna, K. 1990. International Law Making: The Task Ahead. Sustainable Development, Science and Policy: The Conference Report, Bergen 8-12 May. Oslo: Norwegian Research Council for Science and the Humanities. 91-96.

Ramakrishna, K. 1990. North-South issues, common heritage of mankind and global climate change. Millennium Journal of International Studies 19(3):429-446.

Ramakrishna, K. 1990. Remarks. Plenary Session 8, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Workshop on the Economics of Sustainable Development.

Ramakrishna, K. 1990. Third world countries in the policy response to global climate change. In Global Warming: The Greenpeace Report, 422-437. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sader, S.A., T.A. Stone, and A.T. Joyce. 1990. Remote sensing of tropical forests: An overview of research and applications using non-photographic sensors. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 56(10):1343-51.

Stone, T.A., and P. Schlesinger. 1990. Monitoring Deforestation in the Tropics with NOAA AVHRR and LANDSAT Data, ISPRS Commission 1, International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Proceedings 28(1):197-202. Manaus, Brazil, June.

Unruh, J.D. 1990. Iterative increase of economic tree species in minged swidden-fallows of the Amazon. Agroforestry Systems II:175-97.

Woodwell, G.M. 1990. Review of Slowing Biotic Impoverishment , ed. Botkin, Caswell, Estes, and Orio. BioScience 40(1):54.

Woodwell, G.M. 1990. Review of Voyage of the Sanderling. Focus, World Wildlife Fund Newsletter 12(1):2.

Woodwell, G.M. 1990. Do the right thing. Natural History May: 84.

Woodwell, G.M. 1990. Earth stirrings – 1990: Earth Day sermon. 22 April. Church of the Messiah, Woods Hole, MA.

Woodwell, G.M. 1990. Sic utere tuo. Report to The Hainan Economic Development Conference: In Harmony with the Natural Environment Conference.

Woodwell, G.M., ed. 1990. The Earth in Transition: Patterns and Processes of Biotic Impoverishment. New York: Cambridge University Press. 530 pp.

Woodwell, G.M. 1990. The effects of global warming. In Global Warming: The Greenpeace Report. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Woodwell, G.M. 1990. When succession fails. In Environmental Rehabilitation. The Hague: SPOB Academic.

Woodwell, G.M., and R.A. Houghton. 1990. The experimental impoverishment of natural communities: Effects of ionizing radiation on plant communities, 1961-1976. In The Earth in Transition: Patterns and Processes of Biotic Impoverishment, 9-24. New York: Cambridge University Press.


1989


Brown, I.F. 1989. Innocence in Ecuador. Annals of Earth VII(3):22-25.

Brown, I.F. 1989. The burning of Brazil: Ecology & environment in perspective. Camoes Center Quarterly 1(1):1.

Brown, I.F., E.V. Silva Filho, F.C. de Paula, and A.R.C. Ovalle. 1989. Measurement of atmospheric deposition of tree canopy level in a subtropical premontane wet forest, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Biotropica 21(1):15-19.

Brown, I.F. and T.A. Stone.1989. Using satellite photography for grass roots development in Amazonia. Cultural Survival Quarterly 13(1):35-38.

Davidson, E.A. 1989. Fluxes of nitrous oxide and nitric oxide from terrestrial ecosystems. Proceedings of an EPA Workshop on Microbial Production and Consumption of Radiatively Important Trace Gases.

Davidson, E.A., R.W. Eckert, S.C. Hart, and M.K. Firestone. 1989. Directed extraction of microbial biomass nitrogen from forest and grassland soils of California. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 21:773-78.

Firestone, M.K., and E.A. Davidson. 1989. Microbiological basis of NO and N2O production and consumption in soils. In Exchanges of Trace Gases Between Terrestrial Ecosystems and the Atmosphere , ed. M.O. Andreae and D.S. Schimel. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Houghton, R.A. 1989. Emissions of greenhouse gases. In Tropical Forests and Their Climatic Implications , ed. Meyers, 53-62. London: Friends of the Earth.

Houghton, R.A. 1989. The contribution of deforestation and reforestation to atmospheric carbon dioxide. In Global Warming and Climate Change: Perspectives from Developing Countries , 145-155. TATA Energy Institute, New Delhi, India.

Houghton, R.A. 1989. The effects of global climatic change and how to lessen them. Prepared for US House of Representatives Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, Subcommittee on Energy and the Environment.

Houghton, R.A. 1989. Global circulation of carbon. In Biomass Handbook , 51-61. London: Gordon & Breach Science Publ.

Houghton, RA. 1989. Greenhouse gases released to the atmosphere from deforestation from farmland. In Coping with Climatic Change – Second North American Conference on Preparing for Climate Change , ed. Topping, 219-233. Washington DC: Climate Institute.

Houghton, R.A. 1989. The long-term flux of carbon to the atmosphere from changes in land use. In Extended Abstracts of Papers Presented at the Third International Conference on Analysis and Evaluation of Atmospheric CO2 Data Present and Past . Hinterzarten, Germany: University of Heidelberg.

Houghton, R.A., and G.M. Woodwell. 1989. Global climatic change. Scientific American 260(4):36-44.

Ramakrishna, K. 1989. An international convention for stabilizing the greenhouse gas composition of the atmosphere. In Steps Toward an International Convention for Stabilizing the Composition of the Atmosphere , ed. K. Ramakrishna and R. Harrill, 37-54. Woods Hole MA: Woods Hole Research Center.

Ramakrishna, K. 1989. Commentary, Part VI: South ocean, Southeastern Pacific. In The international implications of extended maritime jurisdiction in the Pacific . Proceedings of the 21st Annual Conference of the Law of the Sea Institute, August 3-6, 1987, ed. J.P. Craven, J. Schneider, and C. Stimson , 263-265. Honolulu HI: University of Hawaii.

Ramakrishna, K. 1989. Commentary, Part VII: South Asia. In The international implications of extended maritime jurisdiction in the Pacific . Proceedings of the 21st Annual Conference of the Law of the Sea Institute, August 3-6, 1987 , ed. J.P. Craven, J. Schneider, and C. Stimson , 316-17. Honolulu HI: University of Hawaii.

Ramakrishna, K. 1989. Implementation Measures for Responding to Climatic Change (co-authored with J. Bharier, A. Bonnin-Roncerel, D. Hall, L. Hoffmann, J. van Ettinger, G. McGranahan, Z. Nowak, C. Juma, Gordon Goodman, and L. Kristoferson), submitted by the Stockholm Environment Institute to the Working Group III of the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change, 1989.

Ramakrishna, K. 1989. International and legal policy options for dealing with global warming and climate change. Coping with Climate Change: Proceedings of a Workshop on Global Climatic Change: A Co-operative Approach , ed. Topping, 686-690. Washington DC: The Climate Institute.

Ramakrishna, K. 1989. International and legal policy options for dealing with global warming and climatic change. In Global Warming and Climate Change: Perspectives From Developing Countries , 277-286. New Delhi: TATA Energy Research Institute.

Ramakrishna, K. 1989. International responsibility for man-made disasters. Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 1987, I ASIL.

Ramakrishna, K. 1989. Legal regime for environmental protection in the South Asian seas region. The Joint Annual Convention of the British International Studies Association and the International Studies Association.

Ramakrishna, K. 1989. Proceedings of a workshop on global climatic change. Steps Toward an International Convention for Stabilizing the Composition of the Atmosphere. Woods Hole, MA.

Ramakrishna, K., and G.M. Woodwell. 1989. Steps toward an international convention to stabilize the composition of the atmosphere. Environmental Conservation 16(2):163-165.

Stone, T.A., G.M. Woodwell, and R.A. Houghton, 1989. Tropical Deforestation in Pará, Brazil: Analysis with Landsat and Shuttle Imaging Radar-A. International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium July 1989, Vancouver Proceedings, Vol. 1:192-195.

Uhl, C., D.C. Nepstad, R. Bushbacher, et al. 1989. Disturbance and regeneration in Amazonia: Lessons for sustainable land use. The Ecologist 19(6):235-240.

Von Moltke, K., and K. Ramakrishna. 1989. Levels of political response by governments, international agencies and social systems: A report to the United Nations Environment Programme. In The Full Range of Responses to Anticipated Climatic Change , ed. Goodman and Jaeger, 107-121. Stockholm: The Beijer Institute.

Wirth, D.A., K. Ramakrishna, and G.T. Prickett. 5 October 1989. Lenders must think ‘green’ in the Third World. Los Angeles Times II:7.

Woodwell, G.M. 1989. Biotic causes and effects of the disruption of the global carbon cycle. In The Challenge of Global Warming. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Woodwell, G.M. 1989. Biotic feedbacks speed the global warming. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, 101st Congress. Washington, DC: US GPO.

Woodwell, G.M. 1989. Biotic influences and global warming: Cause and effect. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, US House of Representatives, 71-74. Washington, DC: US GPO.

Woodwell, G.M. 1989. How does the world work? Great issues of life and government hinge on the answer. Garden 13(1):2-4.

Woodwell, G.M. 1989. Letter to the Editor: NASA’s objectives. Science 245.

Woodwell, G.M. 1989. On causes of biotic impoverishment. Ecology 70(1):14-15.

Woodwell, G.M. 1989. The effects of a rapid global warming on terrestrial ecosystems: A positive feedback and a solution. Proceedings of the International Conference on Global Warming and Climate Change: Perspectives from Developing Countries.

Woodwell, G.M. 1989. The warming of industrialized middle latitudes 1985-2050: Causes and consequences. Climatic Change 15:31-50.

Woodwell, G.M., and K. Ramakrishna. 1989. A Summary of Proceedings. Second Session of the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change, Nairobi Conference. Woods Hole, MA: Woods Hole Research Center.

Woodwell, G.M., and K. Ramakrishna. 1989. The warming of the earth: Perspectives and solutions in the Third World. Environmental Conservation 16(4):289-291.