Staff Publications: 2000 – 2004

(* indicates publication is in Portuguese, ** indicates French)

2004   |   2003   |   2002   |   2001   |   2000


2004


Alencar, A.A.C., L. Solórzano, and D.C. Nepstad. 2004. Modeling forest understory fires in an eastern Amazonian landscape. Ecological Applications 14(4):S139-S149.

Almeida, O., K. Lorenzen, and D. McGrath. 2004. The commercial fishing sector in the regional economy of the Brazilian Amazon. In Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on the Management of Large Rivers for Fisheries, Vol II. Ed. R. Welcome and T. Petr, 15-24. FAO and Mekong River Commission.

Asner, G.P., D. Nepstad, G. Cardinot, and D. Ray. 2004. Drought stress and carbon uptake in an Amazon forest measured with spaceborne imaging spectroscopy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 101(16):6039-6044.

Asner, G.P., R.S. DeFries, and R.A. Houghton. 2004. Typological responses of ecosystems to land use change. In Ecosystems and Land Use Change, ed. R.S. DeFries, G.P. Asner, and R.A. Houghton, 337-344. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC.

Bowden, R.D., E.A. Davidson, K.E. Savage, C. Arabia, and P. Steudler. 2004. Chronic nitrogen additions reduce total soil respiration and microbial respiration in temperate forest soils at the Harvard Forest. Forest Ecology and Management 196(1):43-56.

Cao M., S.D. Prince, J. Small, and S.J. Goetz. 2004. Satellite remotely sensed interannual variability in terrestrial net primary productivity from 1980 to 2000. Ecosystems 7:233-242.

Carvalho, G., P. Moutinho, D. Nepstad, L. Mattos, and M. Santilli. 2004. An Amazon perspective on the forest-climate connection: opportunity for climate mitigation, conservation and development? Environment, Development and Sustainability 6:163-174.

Claggett, P.R., C.A. Jantz, S.J. Goetz, and C. Bisland. 2004. Assessing development pressure in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed: An evaluation of two land-use change models. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 94(1-3):129-146.

Coops, N.C., J.D. White, and N.A. Scott. 2004. Estimating fragmentation effects on simulated forest net primary productivity derived from satellite imagery. International Journal of Remote Sensing 20:819-838.

Czajkowski, K.P., S.N. Goward, T. Mulhern, S.J. Goetz, A. Walz, D. Shirey, S. Stadler, S.D. Prince, and R.O. Dubayah. 2004. Recovery of environmental variables from thermal remote sensing. In Thermal Remote Sensing in Land Surface Processes, ed. J. Luvall and D. Quattrochi, 11-32. CRC Press, Chelsea, MI.

Davidson, E.A., and P. Artaxo. 2004. Globally significant changes in biological processes of the Amazon Basin: results of the Large-scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment. Global Change Biology 10(5):519-529.

Davidson, E.A., C.J.R. de Carvalho, I.C.G. Vieira, R.O. Figueiredo, P. Moutinho, F.Y. Ishida, M.T.P. dos Santos, J.B. Guerrero, K. Kalif, and R.T. Sabá. 2004. Nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of biomass growth in a tropical secondary forest. Ecological Applications 14:S150-S163.

Davidson, E.A, F.Y. Ishida, and D.C. Nepstad. 2004.Effects of an experimental drought on soil emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and nitric oxide in a moist tropical forest. Global Change Biology 10(5):718-730.

Davidson, E.A., C. Neill, A.V. Krusche, V.V.R. Ballester, D. Markewitz, and R.O. Figueiredo. 2004. Loss of Nutrients from Terrestrial Ecosystems to Streams and the Atmosphere following Land Use Change in Amazonia. In Ecosystems and Land Use Change, ed. R.S. DeFries, G.P. Asner, and R.A. Houghton, 147-158. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC.

DeFries, R.S., G.P. Asner, and R.A. Houghton. 2004. Trade-offs in land-use decisions: Towards a framework for assessing multiple ecosystem responses to land-use change. In Ecosystems and Land Use Change, ed. R.S. DeFries, G.P. Asner, and R.A. Houghton, 1-9. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC.

DeFries, R., G. Asner, and R. Houghton, eds. 2004. Ecosystems and Land Use Change. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union.

Dougherty, M., R.L. Dymond, S.J. Goetz, C.A. Jantz, and N. Goulet. 2004. Evaluation of impervious surface estimates in a rapidly urbanizing watershed. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 70(11):1275-1284.

Elvidge, C., P.C. Sutton, T.W. Wagner, J.E. Vogelmann, S.J. Goetz , A.J. Smith, C. Jantz, K.C. Seto, M.L. Imhoff, Y.Q. Wang, C. Milesi, and R. Nemani. 2004. Urbanization. In Land Change Science: Observation, Monitoring, and Understanding Trajectories of Change on the Earth’s Surface, ed. G. Gutman. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Gallagher, K.S., and J.P. Holdren. 2004. U.S. Government Policies Relating to International Cooperation on Energy. In Compilation of Commission Research Technical Appendix. Ch. 6, Developing Better Energy Technologies for the Future. Washington, DC, December. www.energycommission.org/research

Gallagher, K.S., R. Frosch, and J.P. Holdren. 2004. Management of Energy-Technology-Innovation Activities at the Department of Energy. In Compilation of Commission Research Technical Appendix . Ch. 6, Developing Better Energy Technologies for the Future. Washington, DC, December. www.energycommission.org/research

Gallagher, K.S., A. Sagar, D. Segal, P. deSa, and J.P. Holdren. 2004. DOE Budget Authority for Energy, Research, Development, and Demonstration Database. In Compilation of Commission Research Technical Appendix. Ch. 6, Developing Better Energy Technologies for the Future. National Commission on Energy Policy, Washington, DC, December. www.energycommission.org/research

Gamon, J.A., K.F. Huemmrich, D.R. Peddle, J. Chen, D. Fuentes, F.G. Hall, J.S. Kimball, S. Goetz, J. Gu, and K.C. McDonald. 2004. Remote sensing in BOREAS: Lessons learned. Remote Sensing of Environment 89(2):139-162.

Goetz, S.J., C.A. Jantz, S.D. Prince, A.J. Smith, D. Varlyguin, and R.K. Wright. 2004. Integrated analysis of ecosystem interactions with land use change: the Chesapeake Bay watershed. In Ecosystems and Land Use Change, ed. R.S. DeFries, G.P. Asner, and R.A. Houghton, 263-275. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC.

Goetz, S.J., D. Varlyguin, A.J. Smith, R.K. Wright, S.D. Prince, M.E. Mazzacato, J. Tringe, C. Jantz, and B. Melchoir. 2004.Application of multitemporal Landsat data to map and monitor land cover and land use change in the Chesapeake Bay watershed.In Analysis of Multi-temporal Remote Sensing Images, ed. P. Smits and L. Bruzzone, 223-232. World Scientific Publishers, Singapore.

Hirsch, A.I., W.S. Little, R.A. Houghton, N.A. Scott, and J.D. White. 2004. The net carbon flux due to deforestation and forest re-growth in the Brazilian Amazon: analysis using a process-based model. Global Change Biology 10(5):908-924.

Holdren, J.P. 2004. Meeting the Energy-Climate Challenge. Lecture for Carnegie Institution’s “Capitol Science Evenings.” Cambridge, MA: Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. 11 March.

Holdren, J.P., W.K. Reilly, J.W. Rowe, et al. 2004. Ending the Energy Stalemate: A Bipartisan Strategy to Meet America’s Energy Challenges. Report of the National Commission on Energy Policy, Washington, DC, December.

Hollinger, D.Y., J. Aber, B. Dail, E.A. Davidson, S.M. Goltz, H. Hughes, M.Y. Leclerc, J.T. Lee, A.D. Richardson, C. Rodrigues, N.A. Scott, D. Achuatavarier, and J. Walsh. 2004. Spatial and temporal variability in forest-atmosphere CO2 exchange. Global Change Biology 10:1689-1706.

Houghton, R.A., and C.L. Goodale. 2004.Effects of Land-Use Change on the Carbon Balance of Terrestrial Ecosystems. In Ecosystems and Land Use Change, ed. R.S. DeFries, G.P. Asner, and R.A. Houghton, 85-98. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC.

Houghton, R.A., F. Joos, and G.P. Asner. 2004. The effects of land use and management on the global carbon cycle. In Land Change Science: Observation, Monitoring, and Understanding Trajectories of Change on the Earth’s Surface, ed. G. Gutman, 237-256. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Hyer, E., and S.J. Goetz. 2004. Comparison and sensitivity analysis of instruments and radiometric methods for LAI estimation: assessments from a boreal forest site. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 122(3/4):157-174.

Kasischke, E.S., S.J. Goetz, M. Hansen, M. Ozdogan, J. Rogan, S.L. Ustin, and C.E. Woodcock. 2004. Temperate and Boreal Forests. In Remote Sensing for Natural Resource Management and Environmental Monitoring, ed. S.L. Ustin, 147-238. John Wiley & Sons and American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Hoboken, NJ.

Keller, M., M.A. Silva-Dias, D.C. Nepstad, and M.O. Andreae. 2004. The Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia: Analyzing regional land use change effects. In Ecosystems and Land Use Change, ed. R.S. DeFries, G.P. Asner, and R.A. Houghton, 321-334. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC.

Laporte N.T., and T.S. Lin. 2004. Assessing land cover and rates of change for carbon studies in the Republic of Congo using Landsat imagery. Technical Report, Winrock International, June.

Laporte N.T., and T.S. Lin. 2004. Assessing land cover for carbon studies in the forest reserves of the Republic of Guinea using Landsat imagery. Technical Report, Winrock International, October.

Laporte, N.T, T.S. Lin, J. LeMoigne, D. Devers, and M. Honzak. 2004. Towards an operational forest monitoring system for Central Africa. In Land Change Science: Observing, Monitoring and Understanding Trajectories of Change on the Earth’s Surface, ed. G. Gutman, 97-110. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Markewitz, D., E.A. Davidson, P. Moutinho, and D.C. Nepstad. 2004. Nutrient loss and redistribution after forest clearing on a highly weathered soil in Amazonia. Ecological Applications 14(4):S177-S199.

McCauley, S., and S.J. Goetz. 2004. Mapping residential density patterns using multi-temporal Landsat imagery and a decision-tree classifier. International Journal of Remote Sensing 25(6):1077-1094.

McGrath, D.G. 2004. Regatão and Caboclo: itinerant traders and smallholder resistance in the Brazilian Amazon. In Some Other Amazonians: Perspectives on Modern Amazonia. Ed. S. Nugent and M. Harris, 178-192. Brookings Institution Press, London.

McGrath, D.G., A. Cardoso, and E.P. Sá. 2004. Community fisheries and co-management on the lower Amazon floodplain. In Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on the Management of Large Rivers for Fisheries , Vol. II. Ed. R. Welcome and T. Petr, 207-222. FAO and Mekong River Commission.

McGrath, D.G., C.M. Peters, and A.J.M. Bentes. 2004. Community forestry for small-scale furniture production in the Brazilian Amazon. In Working forests in the Neotropics: Conservation Through Sustainable Management? D. Zarin, J.R.R. Alavalapati, F.E. Putz, and M. Schmink, 200-220. Columbia University Press, New York.

Merry, F.D., P.A. Sheikh, and D.G. McGrath. 2004.The role of informal contracts in the growth of small cattle herds on the floodplains of the Lower Amazon. Agriculture and Human Values 21(4)377-386.

Nepstad, D., C. Azevedo-Ramos, E. Lima, D. McGrath, C. Pereira, and F. Merry. 2004. Managing the Amazon timber industry. Conservation Biology 18(2):575-577.

Nepstad, D., P. Lefebvre, U. Lopes da Silva, J. Tomasella, P. Schlesinger, L. Solórzano, P. Moutinho, D. Ray, and J. Guerreira Benito. 2004. Amazon drought and its implications for forest flammability and tree growth: a basin-wide analysis. Global Change Biology 10(5):704-717.

Restom, T.G., and D.C. Nepstad. 2004. Seedling growth dynamics of a deeply rooting liana in a secondary forest in eastern Amazonia. Forest Ecology and Management 190:109-118.

Salimon, C.I., E.A. Davidson, R.L. Victoria, and A.W.F. Melo. 2004. CO2 flux from soil in pastures and forests in southwestern Amazonia. Global Change Biology 10:833-843.

Scott, N.A., C.A. Rodrigues, H. Hughes, J.T. Lee, E.A. Davidson, D.B. Dail, P. Malerba, and D.Y. Hollinger. 2004. Changes in carbon storage and net carbon exchange one year after an initial shelterwood harvest at Howland Forest, ME. Environmental Management 33S1:S9-S22.

Soares-Filho, B., A. Alencar, D. Nepstad, G. Cerqueira, M del C. Vera Diaz, S. Rivero, L. Solórzano, and E. Voll. 2004. Simulating the response of land-cover changes to road paving and governance along a major Amazon highway: the Santarém-Cuiabá corridor. Global Change Biology 10(5)745.

Standish, R.J., P.A. Williams, A.W. Robertson, N.A. Scott, and D.I. Hedderley. 2004. Invasion by a perennial herb increases decomposition rate and alters nutrient availability in warm temperate lowland forest remnants. Biological Invasions 6:71-81.

Tate, K.R., R.H. Wilde, D.J. Giltrap, W.T. Baisden, S. Saggar, N.A. Trustrum, and N.A. Scott. 2004. Soil carbon changes and uncertainties with New Zealand land-use change. Proceedings of the joint New Zealand-Australia Soil Science Society Meeting, December 2004. Sydney, Australia.

Tatem, A.J., S.J. Goetz, and S.I. Hay. 2004. TERRA and AQUA: new data for epidemiology and public health. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 6:33-46.

Trotter, C.M., K.R. Tate, G.M.J. Hall, I.J. Payton, N.A. Scott, and R.H. Wilde. 2004. Carbon inventory and its potential application to CDM projects: the New Zealand experience. Proceedings of the International Conference on Tropical Forests and Climate Change: Carbon Sequestration and the Clean Development Mechanism, 28-47. Manila, Philippines, Sept. 2003.

Whitehead, D., A.S. Walcroft, N.A. Scott, J.A. Townsend, C.M. Trotter, and G.N.D. Rogers. 2004. Characteristics of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance in the shrubland species manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) and kanuka (Kunzea ericoides) for the estimation of annual canopy carbon uptake. Tree Physiology 24:795-804.

Woods Hole Research Center. 2004. Annual Report 2004. Woods Hole, Mass.: Woods Hole Research Center.

Woods Hole Research Center. 2004. Annual Report 2003. Woods Hole, Mass.: Woods Hole Research Center.

Woods Hole Research Center. 2004. Restoring Scientific Integrity in Policymaking: A panel discussion. 12 April. CD-ROM.

Woodwell, G.M. 2004. Cape Wind vs. Brayton Point. Op-ed. The Providence Journal. 16 December.

Woodwell, G.M. 2004. Disruption: Climatic and Political. Henry Kendall Lecture, MIT, Cambridge, MA, 8 April.

Woodwell, G.M. 2004. Letter to editor. The Haitian Times. 10 March.

Woodwell, G.M. 2004. Letter to editor. The Boston Globe. 6 June.

Woodwell, G.M. 2004. Letter to editor. The New York Times. 30 July.

Woodwell, G.M. 2004. Mountains: Top down. Ambio Special Report 13:35-38.

Woodwell, G.M. 2004. War and Peace 2004: The impending threat of nuclear war. Speech given at Nuclear Policy Research Institute (NPRI) Symposium, New York, 21 Jan.

Woodwell, G.M., and K. Ramakrishna. 2004. World Bank undermines efforts on global warming. Op-ed. The Boston Globe. 11 August.

Yoffe, S., G. Fiske, M. Giordano, M. Giordano, K. Larson, K. Stahl, and A.T. Wolf. 2004. Geography of international water conflict and cooperation: data sets and applications. Water Resources Research 40, WO5SO4, doi:10.1.29/2003WR002530.


2003


Almeida, O., K. Lorenzen, and D. McGrath. 2003. Commercial fishing in the Brazilian Amazon: regional differentiation in fleet characteristics and efficiency. Fisheries Management and Ecology 10:109-115.

Angert, A., E. Barkan, B. Barnett, E. Brugnoli, E.A. Davidson, J. Fessenden, S. Maneepong, N. Panapitukkul, J.T. Randerson, K. Savage, D. Yakir, and B. Luz. 2003. Contribution of soil respiration in tropical, temperate, and boreal forests to the 18 O enrichment of atmospheric O 2. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17(3)1089.

Bergen, K.M., S.G. Conard, R.A. Houghton, E.S. Kasischke, V.I. Kharuk, O.N. Krankina, K.J. Ranson, H.H. Shugart, A.I. Sukhinen, and R.F. Treyfeld. 2003. NASA and Russian scientists observe land-cover and land-use change and carbon in Russian forests. Journal of Forestry 101:34-41.

Borken, W., E.A. Davidson, K. Savage, J. Gaudinski, and S.E. Trumbore. 2003. Drying and wetting effects on carbon dioxide release from organic horizons. Soil Science Society of America Journal 67:1888-1896.

Bunn, M., S. Fetter, J.P. Holdren, and B. van der Zwaan. 2003. The Economics of Reprocessing vs. Direct Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel. Report DE-FG26-99FT4028, Project on Managing the Atom , Harvard University, December.

Carvalho, G., P. Moutinho, D. Nepstad, L. Mattos, and M. Santilli. 2003. An Amazon Perspective on the Forest-Climate Connection: Opportunity for Climate Mitigation, Conservation and Development? Environment, Development and Sustainability 6(1-2):163-174.

Castro, F., and D. McGrath. 2003. Moving towards sustainability in the local management of floodplain lake fisheries in the Brazilian Amazon. Human Organization 62(2):123-133.

Chan, J.C-W., N. Laporte, and R. Defries. 2003. Texture classification of logging in tropical Africa using machine learning algorithms. International Journal of Remote Sensing 24(6):1401-1407.

Davidson, E. A., J. Chorover, and D.B. Dail. 2003. A mechanism for abiotic nitrate immobilization in forest soils: the ferrous wheel hypothesis. Global Change Biology 9:228-236.

Deutch, J., E.J. Moniz, S. Ansolobehere, M. Driscoll, P.E. Gray, J.P. Holdren, P.L. Joskow, R.K. Lester, N.E. Todreas, and E.S. Beckjord. 2003. The Future of Nuclear Power. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Goetz, S.J., A.J. Smith, C. Jantz, R.K. Wright, M.E. Mazzacato, and B. Melchoir. 2003. Monitoring and predicting urban land use change: applications of multi-resolution multi-temporal satellite data. 2003 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), 1567-1569. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Toulouse, France.

Goetz , S.J., R. Wright, A.J. Smith, E. Zinecker, and E. Schaub. 2003. Ikonos imagery for resource management: tree cover, impervious surfaces and riparian buffer analyses in the mid-Atlantic region. Remote Sensing of Environment 88:195-208.

Goodale, C.L., J.D. Aber, and P.M. Vitousek. 2003. An unexpected nitrate decline in New Hampshire streams. Ecosystems 6:75-86. (244K).

Hackler, J., and M. Ernst. 2003. Living a Sustainable Mission. Environmental Design + Construction. November.

Halliday, J.C., K.R. Tate, R.E. McMurtrie, and N.A. Scott. 2003. Mechanisms for changes in soil carbon storage with pasture to Pinus radiata land-use change. Global Change Biology 9(9)1294-1308.

Hirsch, D., and Woodwell, G.M. 2003. Nuclear hydrogen-Lighter side of the energy bill. Opinion. San Francisco Chronicle 10 Dec.

Holdren, J.P. 2003. Environmental Change and the Human Condition. Bulletin of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences Fall:24-31.

Holdren, J.P. 2003. The Quest for Affordable Energy. Review of Power to the People. Scientific American December.

Holdren, J.P. 2003. Risks from Global Climate Change: What Do We Know, What Should We Do? Presentation, Institutional Investors’ Summit on Climate Risk, United Nations, New York. 21 November.

Holdren, J.P. 2003. U.S. Climate Policy Post Kyoto. In The Convergence of U.S. National Security and the Global Environment. The Aspen Institute Congressional Program 18(3):7-24.

Holdren, J.P., W.K. Reilly, J.W. Rowe, P.R. Sharp, and J. Grumet. 2003. Increasing U.S. Natural Gas Supplies: Discussion Paper and Recommendations from the National Commission on Energy Policy.   National Commission on Energy Policy, Washington, DC. October.

Holdren, J.P., W.K. Reilly, J.W. Rowe, P.R. Sharp, and J. Grumet. 2003. Reviving the Electricity Sector: Findings of the National Commission on Energy Policy.  National Commission on Energy Policy. Washington, DC. August.

Houghton, R.A. 2003. Revised estimates of the annual net flux of carbon to the atmosphere from changes in land use and land management 1850-2000. Tellus 55B(2):378-390.

Houghton, R.A. 2003. The contemporary carbon cycle. In Treatise on Geochemistry , ed. H.D. Holland and K.K. Turekian, vol. 8: Biogeochemistry , ed. W. Schlesinger, 473-513 . Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.

Houghton, R.A. 2003. Why are estimates of the terrestrial carbon balance so different? Global Change Biology 9(4)500-509.

Houghton, R.A., and J.L. Hackler. 2003. Sources and sinks of carbon from land-use change in China. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17(2).

House, J.I., I.C. Prentice, N. Ramankutty, R.A. Houghton, and M. Heimann. 2003. Reconciling apparent inconsistencies in estimates of terrestrial CO2 sources and sinks. Tellus 55B:345-363.

Jantz, C.A., S.J., Goetz, and M.K., Shelley. 2003. Using the SLEUTH urban growth model to simulate the impacts of future policy scenarios on urban land use in the Baltimore-Washington metropolitan area. Environment and Planning (B)31:251-271.

**Laporte, N. 2003. Utilisation de la télédétection pour la gestion des écosystèmes forestiers du Nord Congo: Cas des UFA Kabo, Pokola et Loundoungou. Rapport Technique au Wildlife Conservation Society, New York.

Laporte N.T., and T.S. Lin. 2003. Monitoring logging in the tropical forest of Republic of Congo with Landsat imagery. International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), July 2003, Toulouse, France. Ref # 8.1812- INT-A17. http://www.igarss03.com/. Français Version.

Merry, F.D., G.S. Amacher, E. Lima, D.C. Nepstad, A. Veríssimo, and M.A. Cochrane. 2003. A Risky Forest Policy in the Amazon? Science 299:1843.

Merry, F.D., G.S. Amacher, B. Pokorny, E. Lima, I. Scholz, D.C. Nepstad, and J.C. Zweede. 2003. Some doubts about timber concessions in the Brazilian national forests. Tropical Forestry Update 13:21.

Moutinho, P., D.C. Nepstad, and E.A. Davidson. 2003. Influence of leaf-cutting ant nests on secondary forest growth and soil properties in Amazonia. Ecology 84(5)1265-1276.

Ollinger, S., O. Sala, G.I. Agren, B. Berg, E. Davidson, C.B. Field, M.T. Lerdau, J. Neff, M. Scholes, and R. Sterner. 2003. New frontiers in the study of element interactions. In: Interactions of the Major Biogeochemical Cycles , ed. J.M. Melillo, C.B. Field, and B. Moldan. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 63-92.

Parfitt, R.L., N.A. Scott, D.J. Ross, G.J. Salt, and K.R. Tate. 2003. Land-use effects on soil C and N transformation in soil of high N status: comparisons under indigenous forest, pine plantation and pasture. Biogeochemistry 66:203-221.

Plumptre, A.J., N. Laporte, and D. Devers. 2003. Threats to sites. In The Biodiversity of the Albertine Rift, ed. A.J. Plumptre, M. Behangana, T. Davenport, et al. Albertine Rift Technical Reports No. 3(9):77-82.

Ramakrishna, K. 2003. Citizen participation and developing country agendas. In Public Participation in Sustainability Science, ed. B. Kasemir, J. Jäger, C.C. Jaeger, and M.T. Gardner. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 228-238.

Ramakrishna, K., ed. 2003. Science in a Crowded World: A symposium to celebrate the dedication of WHRC’s Ordway Campus . Woods Hole, Mass.: Woods Hole Research Center.

Ramakrishna, K., and L. Jacobsen, eds. 2003. Action Versus Words: Implementation of the UNFCCC by Select Developing Countries, Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Korea, Senegal, South Africa. Woods Hole, Mass.: Woods Hole Research Center.

Santilli, M., P. Moutinho, S. Schwartzman, D. Nepstad, L. Curran, and C. Nobre. 2003. Tropical deforestation and the Kyoto Protocol: a new proposal. Presented at COP-9. 1-12 December. Milan.

Savage, K.E., and E.A. Davidson. 2003. A comparison of manual and automated systems for soil CO2 flux measurements: trade-offs between spatial and temporal resolution. Journal of Experimental Botany 54(384):891-899.

Small, J., S.J. Goetz, and S.I. Hay. 2003. Climatic suitability for malaria transmission in Africa, 1911-1995. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100(26):15341-15345.

Tate, K.R., J.P. Barton, N.A. Trustrum, W.T. Baisden, S. Saggar, R.H. Wilde, D.J. Giltrap, and N.A. Scott. 2003. Monitoring and modeling soil organic carbon stocks and flows in New Zealand. In Soil Organic Carbon and Agriculture: Developing Indicators for Policy Analysis , ed. C.A. Scott-Smith, 253-268. Proceedings of an OECD Expert Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, October 2002. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris.

Tate, K.R., N.A. Scott, S. Saggar, D.J. Giltrap, W.T. Baisden, P.F. Newsome, C.M. Trotter, and R.H. Wilde. 2003. Land-use change alters New Zealand’s terrestrial carbon budget: uncertainties associated with estimates of soil carbon change between 1990-2000. Tellus B55(2)364-377.

Thenkabail, P.S., J. Hall, T. Lin, M.S. Ashton, D. Harris, and E.A. Enclona. 2003. Detecting floristic structure and pattern across topographic and moisture gradients in a mixed species Central African forest using IKONOS and Landsat-7 ETM+ images. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 4:255-270.

Verchot, L.V., P.R. Moutinho, and E.A. Davidson. 2003. Leaf-cutting and (Atta Sexdens) and nutrient cycling: deep soil inorganic nitrogen stocks, mineralization, and nitrification in Eastern Amazonia. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 35:1219-1222.

Vieira, I.C.G., A.S de Almeida, E.A. Davidson, T.A. Stone, C.J. Reis de Carvalho, and J.B. Guerrero. 2003. Classifying successional forests using Landsat spectral properties and ecological characteristics in eastern Amazônia. Remote Sensing of Environment 87(4)470-481.

White, A.B. 2003. The Ordway Campus: From Victorian mansion to ‘green’ building. Woods Hole Research Center, Woods Hole, MA.

Woods Hole Research Center. 2003. Annual Report 2002. Woods Hole, Mass.: Woods Hole Research Center.

Woods Hole Research Center. 2003. First “Amazon Scenarios” User Meeting. Woods Hole Research Center, 25-26 Sept., Woods Hole, MA. CD-ROM.

Woods Hole Research Center. 2003. Science in a Crowded World: Hour I: Buildings for a New Century; Hour II: Science and the Public Interest. Symposium, 6 June. 2 CD set. Woods Hole Research Center.

Woodwell, G.M. 2003. Letter to the Editor. The Enterprise. Falmouth, MA. 4 April.

Woodwell, G.M. 2003. World Enough and Time? Conservation Biology (17)2:1-2.


2002


Aber, J.D., S.V. Ollinger, C.T. Driscoll, G.E. Likens, R.T. Holmes, R. Freuder, and C.L. Goodale. 2002. Inorganic N losses from forested ecosystems in response to physical, chemical, biotic and climatic perturbations. Ecosystems 5(7):648-658.

Alencar, A., D. Nepstad, and G. Carvalho. 2002. Timber industry follows the path of least resistance. Environment 44(3):42.

Almeida, O., K. Lorenzen, and D. McGrath. 2002. Commercial fishing in the Brazilian Amazon: regional differentiation in fleet characteristics and efficiency. Fisheries Management and Ecology 9:1-7.

Borken, W., Y.-J. Xu, E.A. Davidson, and F. Besse. 2002. Site and temporal variation of soil respiration in European beech, Norway spruce, and Scots pine forests. Global Change Biology 8(1205-1216).

Boyer, E.W., C.L. Goodale, N.A. Jaworski, and R.W. Howarth. 2002. Anthropogenic nitrogen sources and relationships to riverine nitrogen export in the northeastern U.S.A. Biogeochemistry 57/58:137-169.

Carvalho, G., D. McGrath, D. Nepstad, and M. del C. Vera Diaz. 2002. Brazil’s Amazon Policy: Democratic Transition and Enduring Policy Patterns. In Currents of Change: Globalization, Democratization and Institutional Reform in Latin America . Ed. J. Behar. Stockholm: Institute of Latin American Studies, Stockholm University.

Carvalho, G., D. Nepstad, D. McGrath, M. del C. Vera Diaz, M. Santilli, and A.C. Barros. 2002. Frontier expansion in the Amazon: Balancing development and sustainability. Environment 44:34-45.

Cattânio, J.H., E.A. Davidson, D.C. Nepstad, L.V. Verchot, and I.L. Ackerman. 2002. Unexpected results of a pilot throughfall exclusion experiment on soil emissions of CO2, CH4, N2O, and NO in eastern Amazonia. Biol Fertil Soils 36:102-108.

Coomes, D.A., R.B. Allen, N.A. Scott, C. Goulding, and P. Beets. 2002. Designing systems to monitor carbon stocks in forests and shrublands. Forest Ecology and Management 164:89-108.

Coops, N.C., J.D. White, and N.A. Scott. 2002. Assessment of regional forest and scrub productivity using a coupled vegetation process model with remote sensing. Geocarto 17(4):3-12.

Currie, W.S., R.D. Yanai, K.B. Piatek, C.E. Prescott, and C.L. Goodale. 2002. Processes affecting carbon storage in the forest floor and in downed woody debris. In: The Potential for U.S. Forest Soils to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect, ed. J.M. Kimble, L.S. Heath, R.A. Birdsey, and R. Lal. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, 135-157.

Davidson, E.A., K. Savage, L.V. Verchot, and R.I. Navarro. 2002. Minimizing artifacts and biases in chamber-based measurements of soil respiration. Agriculture and Forest Meteorology 113:21-37.

Davidson, E.A., K. Savage, P. Bolstad, D.A. Clark, P.S. Curtis, D.S. Ellsworth, P.J. Hanson, B.E. Law, Y. Luo, K.S. Pregitzer, J.C. Randolph, and D. Zak. 2002. Belowground carbon allocation in forests estimated from litterfall and IRGA-based soil respiration measurements. Agriculture and Forest Meteorology 113:39-51. (244K).

*DeCastro, F., D.G. McGrath, and M. Crossa. 2002. Adaptándose a los cambios: la habilidad de las comunidades ribereñas en el manejo de sistemas de lagos de la Amazonía brasileña. In El Cuidado de los Bienes Comunes , ed. R.C. Smith and D. Pinedo. Lima, Peru: IEP, 272-302.

DeFries, R.S., R.A. Houghton, M.C. Hansen, C.B. Field, D. Skole, and J. Townshend. 2002. Carbon emissions from tropical deforestation and regrowth based on satellite observations for the 1980s and 1990s. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 99(22):14256-14261.

*Diaz, M del C. Vera, D. Nepstad, et al. 2002. Os Prejuizos Ocultos do Fogo na Amazonia (The Hidden Damages of Fire in the Amazon). Instituto de Pesquisa Económica Aplicada, Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazonia, Woods Hole Research Center. www.ipam.org.br.

Erickson, H., E.A. Davidson, and M. Keller. 2002. Former land-use and tree species affect nitrogen oxide emissions from a tropical dry forest. Oecologia 130:297-308.

Goodale, C.L., and E.A. Davidson. 2002. Uncertain sinks in the shrubs. Nature 418:593-594.

Goodale, C.L., M.J. Apps, R.A. Birdsey, C.B. Field, L.S. Heath, R.A. Houghton, J.C. Jenkins, G.H. Kohlmaier, W.A. Kurz, S. Liu, G.-J. Nabuurs, S. Nilsson, and A.Z. Shvidenko. 2002. Forest carbon sinks in the Northern Hemisphere. Ecological Applications 12(3):891-899.

Goodale, C.L., K. Lajtha, K.J. Nadelhoffer, E.W. Boyer, and N. Jaworski. 2002. Forest nitrogen sinks in large eastern U.S. watersheds: estimates from forest inventory and an ecosystem model. Biogeochemistry 57(1): 239-266.

Holdren, J.P. 2002. Energy: Asking the Wrong Question. Scientific American 1:65-68.

Houghton, R.A. 2002. Forests for carbon storage. Global Change 7(4):12-13.

Houghton, R.A. 2002. Global effects of deforestation. In Handbook of Ecotoxicology , Second Edition. Ed. D.J. Hoffman, B.A. Rattner, G.A. Burton, and J. Cairns. Boca Raton, FL: Lewis Publishers, 645-666.

Houghton, R.A. 2002. Magnitude, distribution and causes of terrestrial carbon sinks and some implications for policy. Climate Policy 2:71-88.

Houghton, R.A. 2002. Temporal patterns of land-use change and carbon storage in China and tropical Asia. Science in China (Series C) 45 (Supp.):10-17.

Houghton, R.A. 2002. Terrestrial carbon sinks-uncertain explanations. Biologist 49(4):155-160. This article is reproduced from Biologist with permission from the Institute of Biology.

Hurtt, G.C., S.W. Pacala, P.R. Moorcroft, J. Caspersen, E. Shevliakova, R.A. Houghton, and B. Moore III. 2002. Projecting the future of the U.S. carbon sink. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 99(3):1389-1394.

Mayer, B. E.W. Boyer, C.L. Goodale, N.A. Jaworski, N. van Breemen, R.W. Howarth, S. Seitzinger, G. Billen, K. Lajtha, K. Nadelhoffer, D. Van Dam, L.J. Hetling, M. Nosal, and K. Paustian. 2002. Sources of nitrate in rivers draining sixteen watersheds in the northeastern U.S.: Isotopic constraints. Biogeochemistry 57(1): 171-197.

Nepstad, D. 2002. Review of Forest Fires: Behavior and Ecological Effects , ed. E.A. Johnson and K. Miyanishi. Academic Press, 2001. Nature 415:476.

Nepstad, D., D. McGrath, A. Alencar, A.C. Barros, G. Carvalho, M. Santilli, and M. del C. Vera Diaz. 2002. Frontier governance in Amazonia. Science 295:629-631.

Nepstad, D., D. McGrath, A. Alencar, A.C. Barros, G. Carvalho, M. Santilli, and M. del C. Vera Diaz. 2002. Issues in Amazonian Development. Science 295:1643-1644. Science 295:1643-1644.

Nepstad, D., P. Moutinho, M.B. Dias-Filho, E. Davidson, G. Cardino, D. Markewitz, R. Figueiredo, et al. 2002. The effect of partial throughfall exclusion on canopy processes and biogeochemistry of an Amazon forest. Journal of Geophysical Research 107(53):1-18.

Ramakrishna, K. 2002. Negotiating Sustainability. Global Change 7(4)16.

Ramakrishna, K., and G.M. Woodwell. 2002. A vulgar act of bravado. Woods Hole Research Center. 2 Feb.

Ross, D.J., K.R. Tate, N.A. Scott, R.H. Wilde, N.J. Rodda, and J.A. Townsend. 2002. Afforestation of pastures with Pinus radiata influences soil carbon and nitrogen pools and mineralisation and microbial properties. Australian Journal of Soil Research 40:1303-1318.

Sagar, A., and J. Holdren. 2002. Assessing the Global Energy Innovation System. Energy Policy . 30(6):465-469 .

*Santilli, M., G. Carvalho, and D. Nepstad. 2002. O Brasil e as mudanças climáticas globais. In Meio Ambiente Brasil, Avanços e Obstáculos pós-Rio-92 , ed. A. Camargo, J.P.R. Capobianco, and J.A. Puppim de Oliveira. Sao Paulo: Estacao Liberdade Editora, 63-68.

Scott, N.A., K.R. Tate, D.J. Giltrap, C. Tattersall Smith, R.H. Wilde, P.F.J. Newsome, and M.R. Davis. 2002. Monitoring land-use change effects on soil carbon in New Zealand: quantifying baseline soil carbon stocks. Environmental Pollution 116:S167-S186.

Soares-Filho, B., A. Alencar, D. Nepstad, G. Cerqueira, M. Diaz, S. Rivero, L. Solórzano, and E. Voll. 2002. Simulating the response of land-use and land-cover changes to governance along a major Amazon highway: the case of the Santarém-Cuiabá corridor. Healthy Ecosystems, Healthy People, ISEH/CI, Washington, D.C., 6-11 June.

Sternberg, L., M. Moreira, and D. Nepstad. 2002. The lateral extent of water absorption by small trees in eastern Amazonia. Plant and Soil 238:151-158.

Van Breemen, N., E.W. Boyer, C.L. Goodale, N.A. Jaworski, K. Paustian, S.P. Seitzinger, K. Lajtha, B. Mayer, D. van Dam, R.W. Howarth, K.J. Nadelhoffer, M. Eve, G. Billen. 2002. Where did all the nitrogen go? Fate of nitrogen inputs to large watersheds in the northeastern U.S.A. Biogeochemistry 57(1): 267-293.

Volokitina, A.V., T.A. Stone, and M.A. Sofronov. 2002. An assessment of the amount of biomass consumed from wildland fires based on vegetation fuel maps. In The Role of Boreal Forests and Forestry in the Global Carbon Budget: Proceedings of the IBFRA 2000 Conference, May 8-12, 2000, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, Ed. Shaw, C.H., and M.J. Apps. Canadian Forest Service, 273-284.

Woods Hole Research Center. 2002. Annual Report 2001. Woods Hole, Mass.: Woods Hole Research Center.

Woodwell, G.M. 2002. Climatic disruption in 2002: A scientific puzzle and political dilemma. Lecture at Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University. 7 Nov.

Woodwell, G.M. 2002. Letter to the editor: The York (Maine) Independent 15 August.

Woodwell, G.M. 2002. More Disconnected Dots… Woods Hole Research Center. 20 Aug.

Woodwell, G.M. 2002. On Purpose in Science, Conservation and Government: The Functional Integrity of the Earth Is at Issue not Biodiversity. Ambio 31(5) 432-436.

Woodwell, G.M. 2002. Pregnancy in a polluted world. Review of Having Faith: An Ecologist’s Journey to Motherhood, S. Steingraber. Perseus, 2001. Science 295:803.

Woodwell, George M. 2002. Review of Climate Change Impacts on the United States: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change , ed. National Assessment Team. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. 2001. Environmental Conservation 29(2) 263-271.

Woodwell, G.M. 2002. The Earth: Too small for war. Woods Hole Research Center. 30 Apr.

Woodwell, G.M. 2002. The functional integrity of normally forested landscapes: A proposal for an index of environmental capital. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 99(21):13600-13605.


2001


Almeida, O., D. McGrath, and M. Ruffino. 2001. The Commercial Fisheries of the Lower Amazon: An Economic Analysis. Fisheries Management and Ecology 8(3):15-35.

Brown, I.F., K.A. Kainer, A.S. Alechandre, E. do Amaral. 2001. Extractive reserves and participatory research as factors in the biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin. In The Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin , ed. M.E. McClain, R.L. Victoria, and J.E. Richey, pp. 122-138. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bunn, M., J.P. Holdren, A. Macfarlane, S.E. Pickett, A. Suzuki, T. Suzuki, and J. Weeks. 2001. Interim Storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel: A Safe, Flexible, and Cost-Effective Near-Term Approach to Spent Fuel Management.  Joint Report from Harvard University Project on Managing the Atom and University of Tokyo Project on Sociotechnics of Nuclear Energy, June. 145 pp.

Carvalho, G.O. 2001. Metallurgical Development in the Carajás Area: A Case Study of the Evolution of Environmental Policy Formation in Brazil. Society and Natural Resources 14:127-143.

Carvalho, G. 2001. Sustainable Development: Is it achievable within the existing international political economy context? Sustainable Development 9(2):61-73.

Carvalho, G.O., A.C. Barros, P. Moutinho, and D. Nepstad. 2001. Letter to the Editor: Sensitive development could protect Amazonia instead of destroying it. Nature. 409:131.

*Castro, F., and D. McGrath. 2001. O manejo comunitario de lagos na Amazonia. Parcerias Estrategicas 12 (Setembro 2001): 112-126.

Dail, D.B., E.A. Davidson, and J. Chorover. 2001. Rapid abiotic transformation of nitrate in an acid forest soil. Biogeochemistry 54:131-146.

Davidson, E.A., and A.I. Hirsch. 2001. Fertile forest experiments. Nature 411:431-433.

Davidson, E.A., M.M.C. Bustamante, and A. de Siqueira Pinto. 2001. Emissions of nitrous oxide and nitric oxide from soils of native and exotic ecosystems of the Amazon and cerrado regions of Brazil. The Scientific World 1(S2)312-319.

Dias-Filho, M. B., E.A. Davidson, and C.J.R. Carvalho. 2001. Linking biogeochemical cycles to cattle pasture management and sustainability in the Amazon Basin. In: The Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin , ed. M.E. McClain, R.L. Victoria, and J.E. Richey, pp. 84-105. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ehrenfeld, J.G., and N.A. Scott. 2001. Invasive species and the soil: effects on organisms and ecosystem processes. Ecological Applications 11:1259-1260.

Erickson, H., M. Keller, and E.A. Davidson. 2001. Nitrogen Oxide Fluxes and Nitrogen Cycling during Postagricultural Succession and Forest Fertilization in the Humid Tropics. Ecosystems 4:67-84.

Gaudinski, J.B., S.E. Trumbore, E.A. Davidson, A.C. Cook, D. Markewitz, and D.D. Richter. 2001. The age of fine-root carbon in three forests of the eastern United States measured by radiocarbon. Oecologia 129:420-429.

Holdren, J.P. 2001. Changing Global and Social Determinants for Nuclear Power. The Bridge 31(3):6-11.

Holdren, J.P. 2001. The Energy-Climate Challenge. Environment June.

Holdren, J.P. 2001. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in the U.S. Energy Future. Invited testimony before the House Science Committee, 28 February.

Holdren, J.P. 2001. Federal Energy R&D for the Challenges of the 21st Century: The 1997 PCAST Report and Its Relevance to S.597. Invited Testimony before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, US Senate, 18 July.

Holdren, J.P. 2001. Meeting the Energy Challenge. Editorial. Science 291:945.

Holdren, J.P. 2001. Searching for a National Energy Policy. Issues in Science and Technology Spring.

Holdren, J.P. 2001. Some Comments On S.1008: Amendments To The Energy Policy Act Of 1992 To Develop The United States Climate Change Response Strategy. Statement for the Record, Hearings before the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs, 18 July.

Holdren, J.P., and S.F. Baldwin. 2001. The PCAST Energy Studies: Toward a National Consensus on Energy Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment Policy. Annual Review of Energy and Environment 26:391-434

Houghton, R.A. 2001. Counting terrestrial sources and sinks of carbon. Climatic Change 48:525-534.

Houghton, R.A. 2001. Forests and agriculture. In: Forests in a Full World , G.M. Woodwell, pp. 36-50. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Houghton, R.A. 2001. Forests and the warming of the earth. In: Forests in a Full World , G.M. Woodwell, pp. 9-34. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Houghton, R.A. 2001. Global terrestrial productivity and carbon balance. In: Terrestrial Global Productivity , ed. J. Roy, B. Saugier, and H.A. Mooney, pp. 499-520. San Diego: Academic Press.

Houghton, R.A., and J.L. Hackler. 2001. Carbon flux to the atmosphere from land-use changes: 1850 to 1990. ORNL/CDIAC-131, NDP-050/R1. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn.

Houghton, R.A., K.T. Lawrence, J.L. Hackler, and S. Brown. 2001. The spatial distribution of forest biomass in the Brazilian Amazon: a comparison of estimates. Global Change Biology 7:731-746.

Markewitz, D., E.A. Davidson, R.O. Figueiredo, R.L. Victoria, and A.V. Krusche. 2001. Control of cation concentrations in stream waters by surface soil processes in an Amazonian watershed. Nature 410:802-805.

Mendoza, E.R.H., I.F. Brown, D.C. Nepstad, and D. Selhorst. 2001. The impact of accidental fires in southwestern Amazonian agroecosystems and forests. A case study in Acre State, Brazil. 2001 Open Meeting of the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Research Community. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Moreira, A.G. & C.A. Klink. 2001. Biomass allocation and growth of tree seedlings from two contrasting Brazilian savannas. Ecotropicos 13(1):43-51.

Nepstad, D., G. Carvalho, A.C. Barros, A. Alencar, J.P. Capobianco, J. Bishop, P. Moutinho, P. Lefebvre, and U. Lopes da Silva, Jr. 2001. Road paving, fire regime feedbacks, and the future of Amazon forests. Forest Ecology and Management 5524:1-13.

Nepstad, D., P. Moutinho, A. C. Barros, G. Carvalho, A. Alencar, J. Capobianco, and L. Solorzano. Science and the future of Amazon Policy: A response to Laurance et al. Science dEbates, June 2001.

Nepstad, D.C., P. Moutinho, and R.S. Markewitz. 2001. The recovery of biomass, nutrient stocks, and deep-soil functions in secondary forests. In: The Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin , ed. M.E. McClain, R.L. Victoria, and J.E. Richey, pp. 139-155. New York: Oxford University Press.

Pacala, S.W., G.C. Hurtt, D. Baker, P. Peylin, R.A. Houghton, R.A. Birdsey, L. Heath, E.T. Sundquist, R.F. Stallard, P. Ciais, P. Moorcroft, J.P. Caspersen, E. Shevliakova, B. Moore, G. Kohlmaier, E. Holland, M. Gloor, M.E. Harmon, S.-M. Fan, J.L. Sarmiento, C.L. Goodale, D. Schimel, and C.B. Field. 2001. Consistent land- and atmosphere-based U.S. carbon sink estimates. Science 292:2316-2320.

Potter, C., E.A. Davidson, D.C. Nepstad, C.R. de Carvalho. 2001. Ecosystem modeling and dynamic effects of deforestation on trace gas fluxes in Amazon tropical forests. Forest Ecology and Management 152:97-117.

Ramakrishna, K. 2001. Needs and constraints of the policy community. Remarks published in Report of the Initial Planning Meeting. Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change–Carbon Management Research Activity, May 29-30, 2000, Tokyo, Japan. Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Ministry of the Environment, Japan (CGER-D028-2001).

Ramakrishna, K. 2001. No time for complacency. Earth Times 11/2/01.

Ramakrishna, K. 2001. Reviews of national communications to improve compliance under the Kyoto Protocol. Paper presented at the Open Meeting of the Global Environmental Change Research Community, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 6-8 October 2001.

Ramakrishna, K. 2001. Who needs what to implement the Kyoto Protocol? An assessment of capacity building needs in 33 developing countries. Report by UNITAR with the Consortium for North-South Dialogue on Climate Change.

Restom, T.G., and D. Nepstad. 2001. Contribution of vines to the evapotranspiration of a secondary forest in eastern Amazonia. Plant and Soil 235:155-163.

Ross, D.J., N.A. Scott, K.R. Tate, N.J. Rodda, and J. Townsend. 2001. Root effects on soil carbon and nitrogen cycling in a Pinus radiata D.Don plantation on a coastal sand. Australian Journal of Soil Research 39:1027-1039.

Savage, K.E., and E.A. Davidson. 2001. Interannual variation of soil respiration in two New England forests. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 15(2):337-351.

Schimel, D.S., J.I. House, K.A. Hibbard, P. Bousquet, P. Ciais, P. Peylin, B.H. Braswell, M.J. Apps, D. Baker, A. Bondeau, J. Canadell, G. Churkina, W. Cramer, A.S. Denning, C.B. Field, P. Friedlingstein, C. Goodale, M. Heimann, R.A. Houghton, J.M. Melillo, B. Moore III, D. Murdiyarso, I. Noble, S.W. Pacala, I.C. Prentice, M.R. Raupach, P.J. Rayner, R.J. Scholes, W.L. Steffen, and C. Wirth. 2001. Recent patterns and mechanisms of carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystems. Nature 414:169-172.

Schlesinger, P., and T.A. Stone. 2001. Forest and landcover data of Russia and the former Soviet Union. (Data CD-ROM). Woods Hole, Mass.: Woods Hole Research Center.

Schneider, L.C., A.P. Kinzig, E.D. Larson, and L. A. Solórzano. 2001. Method for spatially explicit calculations of potential biomass and assessment of land availability for biomass energy production in Northeastern Brazil. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 84(3):207-226.

Scott, N.A., G.E. Likens, J.S.Eaton, and T.G.Siccama. 2001. Trace metal loss following whole-tree harvest of a northeastern deciduous forest, U.S.A. Biogeochemistry 54:197-217.

Scott, N.A., S. Saggar, and P.D. McIntosh. 2001. Biogeochemical impact of Hieracium invasion in New Zealand’s grazed tussock grasslands: sustainability implications. Ecological Applications 11:1311-1322.

Solórzano, L.A. 2001. Ecosystems of South America. In: Encyclopedia of Biodiversity . Ed. S.A. Levin, et al., vol. 5, pp. 327-343. San Diego, CA.: Academic Press.

Woodwell, G.M. 2001. Bush energy policy: misguided in concept, wrong in detail. Remarks. National Press Club, Washington, D.C. 31 May.

Woodwell, G.M. 2001. Fiddling while the world burns. Amicus Journal Spring.

Woodwell, G.M. 2001. Forests in a Full World . New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Woodwell, G.M. 2001. Global Science and Government in the New Millennium. Acceptance speech, Volvo Environment Award ceremony, Göteborg, Sweden. 30 Oct.

Woodwell, G.M. 2001. Welcome to a new full world. Remarks at graduation. Eckerd College, St. Petersburg, Fla. 20 May.


2000


Carvalho, G.O. 2000. Metallurgical Development in the Carajás Area: A Case Study of the Evolution of Environmental Policy Formation in Brazil. Society and Natural Resources 14:127-143.

Carvalho, G.O. 2000. The politics of indigenous land rights in Brazil. Bulletin of Latin American Research 19: 461-478.

Cochrane, M.A. 2000. Forest Fire, Deforestation and Landcover Change in the Brazilian Amazon. Proceedings from: Crossing the Millennium: Integrating Spatial Technologies and Ecological Principles for a New Age in Fire Management. Joint Fire Science Conference. Boise, ID, June 15-17, 1999.

Davidson, E.A. 2000. You Can’t Eat GNP: Economics as if Ecology Mattered. Perseus. New York.

Davidson, E.A., and L.V. Verchot. 2000. Testing the hole-in-the-pipe model of nitric and nitrous oxide emissions from soils using the TRAGNET database. Global Biogeochemical Cycles . 14(4): 1035.

Davidson, E.A., S.E. Trumbore, and R. Amundson. 2000. Biogeochemistry: Soil warming and organic carbon content. Nature . 408:789-790.

Davidson, E.A., M. Keller, H.E. Erickson, L.V. Verchot, and E. Veldkamp. 2000. Testing a Conceptual Model of Soil Emissions of Nitrous and Nitric Oxides. BioScience 50(8): 667-680.

Davidson, E.A., L.V. Verchot, J.H. Cattânio, I.L. Ackerman, and J.E.M. Carvalho. 2000. Effects of soil water content on soil respiration in forests and cattle pastures of eastern Amazonia. Biogeochemistry 48(1) 53-69.

Holdren, J.P. 2000 . Improving Energy Security and Reducing Greenhouse-Gas Emissions: The Role Of Nuclear Energy. Invited testimony for the House Committee on Science, 25 July.

Holdren, J.P. 2000 . U.S. Vulnerability to Oil-Price Shocks and Supply Constraints.and How to Reduce It. Invited testimony for the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs, 24 March.

Holdren, J.P., and K.R. Smith. 2000. Energy, the Environment, and Health. In World Energy Assessment: Energy and the Challenge of Sustainability, 61-110. UN Development Programme, UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, and World Energy Council.

Houghton, R.A. 2000. A new estimate of global sources and sinks of carbon from land-use change. EOS 81:19 Supplement S281.

Houghton, R.A. 2000. Emissions of carbon from land-use change. In The Carbon Cycle , ed. T.M.L. Wigley and D.S. Schimel. Stanford: Cambridge University Press.

Houghton, R.A. 2000. Interannual variability in the global carbon cycle. Journal of Geophysical Research. 105(D15): 20,121-20,130.

Houghton, R.A., and J.L. Hackler. 2000. Changes in terrestrial carbon storage in the United States. 1. The roles of agriculture and forestry. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 9:125-144.

Houghton, R.A., J.L. Hackler, and K.T. Lawrence. 2000. Changes in terrestrial carbon storage in the United States. 2. The role of fire and fire management. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 9:145-170.

Houghton, R.A., D.L. Skole, C.A. Nobre, J.L. Hackler, K.T. Lawrence, and W.H. Chomentowski. 2000. Annual fluxes of carbon from deforestation and regrowth in the Brazilian Amazon. Nature 403:301-304.

Moreira, A.G. 2000. Effects of fire protection on savanna structure in Central Brazil. Journal of Biogeography 27:1021-1029

Moreira, M.Z., L.S.L. Sternberg, and D.C. Nepstad. 2000. Vertical patterns of soil water uptake by plants in a primary forest and an abandoned pasture in the eastern Amazon: an isotopic approach. Plant and Soil. 222: 95-107.

Nepstad, D., J.P. Capobianco, A.C. Barros, G. Carvalho, P. Moutinho, U. Lopes, P. Lefebvre, and M. Ernst. 2000. Avança Brasil: Os Custos Ambientais para a Amazônia. (Avança Brasil: The Environmental Costs for Amazonia.) Belém: Gráfica e Editora Alves.

Nepstad, D., A. Veríssimo, P. Moutinho, and C. Nobre. 2000. O empobrecimento oculto da floresta Amazônica. (The hidden impoverishment of Amazon forests.) Ciencia Hoje 27(157): 70-73.

Noble, I., M. Apps, R. Houghton, D. Lashof, W. Makundi, D. Murdiyarso, B. Murray, W. Sombroek, and R. Valentini. 2000. Implications of different definitions and generic issues. In Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry: A Special Report of the IPCC , ed. R.T. Watson, I.R. Noble, B. Bolin, N.H. Ravindranath, D.J. Verardo, and D.J. Dokken, 53-126. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Ramakrishna, K., B. Bamberger, and L. Jacobsen, eds. 2000. Asia Looking Ahead: Initial Stages of National Communications Reporting . Woods Hole, MA: Woods Hole Research Center.

Ramakrishna, K., and G.M. Woodwell. 2000. Clarity on global warming. Christian Science Monitor. Opinion. Sept. 14.

Salimon, C., and I.F. Brown. 2000. Secondary Forests in Western Amazonia: significant sinks for carbon released from deforestation? Interciencia. 25(4):198-202.

Schwartzman, S., A. Moreira, and D. Nepstad. 2000. Rethinking conservation of tropical forests: perils in parks. Conservation Biology 14(5): 1350-1358.

Schwartzman, S., D. Nepstad, and A. Moreira. 2000. Arguing Tropical Forest Conservation: People versus Parks. Conservation Biology. 14(5): 1370-1374.

Stone, T.A. 2000. A Changing Landscape. GEOWorld. February.

Stone, T.A. 2000. Losing Cape Cod: Land use changes over 40 years. Woods Hole Research Center. Woods Hole, MA.

Stone, T. A., R. A. Houghton, and P. Schlesinger. 2000. A Digital Land Cover Map of the Former Soviet Union Based Upon a Time Series of 15 km Resolution NOAA AVHRR Data. International Boreal Forest Research Association 1997, Duluth, Symposium Proceedings.

Stone, T.A, P. Schlesinger, and V. A. Alexeyev. 2000. A Spatially Explicit Map of Forest Stand Carbon for Russia: A First Approximation. International Boreal Forest Research Association, 1997, Duluth, Symposium Proceedings.

Stone, T.A., I.C.G. Vieira, and A.S. de Almeida, 2000. Landscape dynamics in areas of slash and burn agriculture in eastern Amazonia based on multi-temporal analysis of landsat data. Poster presentation. June 26-29, LBA, Belem, Brazil.

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Woodwell, G.M. 2000. Review of J.R. Clark. 1998. Coastal Seas: The Conservation Challenge . Blackwell Science. Environmental Conservation 27(2):222.

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